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[MILAN] Italian officials and bank executives agreed to create a multibillion-euro fund to help troubled smaller lenders raise capital and offload bad loans, as the nation tries to assuage investor jitters.
The new fund, named Atlante, will be supported by numerous institutions, its manager, Quaestio Capital Management SGR, said late Monday, ending more than a week of discussions among banks, insurers and state lender Cassa Depositi e Prestiti. The fund may be worth about 5 billion euros (S$7.67 billion), said Banca Popolare dell'Emilia Romagna Scarl Chief Executive Officer Alessandro Vandelli, speaking on the sidelines of the meeting.
Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi is seeking to avoid creditor losses and restore investor confidence in a financial system plagued by an estimated 360 billion euros in soured loans. With the European Central Bank urging companies to clean up their balance sheets and boost capital buffers as the economy struggles to recover from a recession, the country's lenders have been among the worst performers in Europe this year.
"This is a very, very good step in the right direction," Marco Elser, a partner at Lonsin Capital, said in an interview with Bloomberg Television's Guy Johnson on Tuesday. "I don't think 5 billion euros is enough. The problem really is how to solve legally the non-performing loans - if that's solved, then Italy is going to be on the races as far as the banking system is concerned."
Atlante, which was named after a Greek mythological god, will act as a buyer of last resort for banks that struggle to raise equity capital in the private markets or that can't sell off the riskiest portions of their bad debts. The fund is being managed by a private manager, Quaestio, because Italy doesn't want to fall afoul of European Union rules against providing state aid. Quaestio's shareholders include Intesa Sanpaolo SpA's top investor, Fondazione Cariplo.
Bank shares extended gains on Tuesday. Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA jumped 8.4 per cent at 9:12 am in Milan, while UniCredit SpA rose 3 per cent and Intesa Sanpaolo increased 1.9 per cent. That pared losses that have put them among the worst performers on the Bloomberg Europe Banks and Financial Services Index this year.
Adding urgency to the plan are Banca Popolare di Vicenza SCpA and Veneto Banca SCpA, which need to raise almost 3 billion euros in total to strengthen capital and avoid resolution measures over coming weeks.
UniCredit is pushing ahead with the initial public offering of Pop di Vicenza that it's running. The lender will start gathering orders for the IPO on April 19 and shares should begin trading on May 3, according to terms seen by Bloomberg.
"The fund aims at ensuring the success of the capital increases required by the supervisory authority to banks that are facing market difficulties, acting as a back-stop facility," Quaestio said in a statement. The fund also will buy the junior tranches of securitized bad loans, helping lenders to deconsolidate non-performing debt from their accounts.
Quaestio, with offices in Milan and Luxembourg, had 10 billion euros of assets under management as of June 2015, according to its website.
"They explained the terms of the issue," Mr Vandelli said. "We look forward to receiving documentation from the ministry, so we can submit it to our boards later." The stake for state lender CDP has yet to be quantified, he added.
To help stabilize the financial system, the Italian government earlier this year reached an agreement with the European Commission, allowing banks to bundle their bad loans into securities for sale, while purchasing a state guarantee for the least-risky portion to make the debt more appealing to investors. The reduction of the stock of soured debt will take time, Bank of Italy Governor Ignazio Visco has said.
As part of the country's consolidation efforts, Banco Popolare SC and Banca Popolare di Milano Scarl last month agreed to form Italy's third-largest bank through an all-stock deal. It's the biggest transaction in Italy since Banca Monte dei Paschi's 9 billion-euro acquisition of Banca Antonveneta SpA in 2007.
"The Italian banking system has been undercapitalized, it had too high levels of NPLs, many banks have had weak management and the economic impact has been negative because banks haven't been strong enough to provide credit," Bob Parker, a senior adviser at Credit Suisse Group AG, said in an interview with Bloomberg TV. "A reboot of the banking system is very important, sorting out these NPLs is very important. It's not going to happen overnight."
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