[PARIS] Billionaire French industrialist Serge Dassault of aviation and software giant Dassault Group went on trial Monday for allegedly stashing millions of euros in tax havens.
The 91-year-old Dassault, who is also a member of the French Senate with the conservative Republicans party, is France's third wealthiest person with a net worth estimated by Forbes magazine of US$14.8 billion.
The tycoon, who did not appear in court on Monday, has been caught in a complex legal web, accused of crimes ranging from laundering the proceeds of tax fraud to buying the votes of poor families of immigrant backgrounds in the southern Paris suburb of Corbeil-Essonnes where he was mayor for 14 years.
The trial that opened Monday relates to charges that he hid some 31 million euros from French tax authorities in Luxembourg, Liechtenstein and the Virgin Islands.
He is also accused of failing to declare 16 million euros in 2011 and 11 million euros in 2014 to the French High Authority for Transparency in Public Life, which tracks the income sources of public figures.
The first day was dominated by technical questions from his lawyers over the constitutionality of the charges against him, and some of the searches carried out during the investigation.
The existence of the secret bank accounts emerged during a separate investigation into Dassault, over vote-buying in elections in 2008, 2009 and 2010 in Corbeil-Essonnes.
Mr Dassault was mayor of the town from 1995 to 2009.
Mr Dassault was charged in April 2014 with vote-buying, complicity in illegal election campaign financing and exceeding campaign spending limits.
He was charged alongside seven other people, including his friend and the town's current mayor Jean-Pierre Bechter.
Mr Dassault admits using his vast personal wealth to help residents of Corbeil, but denies any payouts were made in exchange for electoral support.
Witnesses who claim to have been paid have told investigators that in return for support, residents could expect money for driving lessons or help with finding accommodation subsidised by the local council.
In May a court heard the money had fuelled violence, threats and extortion in the small town.
A close ally of Mr Dassault, Younes Bounounara, was sentenced to 15 years in prison for attempted murder in May for shooting a man who filmed Mr Dassault admitting he had given money to Bounounara to be distributed.
The French satirical weekly Canard Enchaine later revealed that Mr Dassault had given Bounounara 1.7 million euros that he had not shared out as planned.
One of the other suspects in the vote-buying case, accountant Gerard Limat, testified in 2014 that he had used two Luxembourg accounts belonging to Dassault to distribute money during electoral campaigns in Corbeil-Essonnes.
Investigations revealed that nearly four million euros had been transferred from these accounts to "supposedly charitable organisations" in Algeria and Tunisia in 2009 and 2010, said a source close to the investigation.
Mr Limat also said he would transfer money from Luxembourg accounts to a Swiss financial service which would bring cash to Paris that he would hand to Mr Dassault.
In November 2014, Mr Dassault's accountant reportedly told investigators that he delivered 53 million euros in plastic bags to his boss over several years.
Investigators uncovered voter lists at Mr Dassault's home and offices, with the mention "paid" and "unpaid" next to their names, as well as remarks such as "drivers licence" or "support upon leaving prison".
Mr Dassault denies the charges of vote-buying, and the case is still under investigation.
Mr Dassault heads the Dassault Group, which owns the country's main conservative newspaper Le Figaro and holds a majority stake in Dassault Aviation which makes business and military aircraft - including the Rafale fighter jet.
In 1998, Mr Dassault received a two-year suspended prison sentence in Belgium for bribing members of the country's Socialist Party to win an army helicopter contract in what became known as the Agusta scandal.