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French transport to be hit ahead of Euro 2016
[PARIS] Looming air and train strikes are threatening to bring chaos to France less than two weeks before Euro 2016 kicks off, with unions standing firm Monday in demanding contested labour reforms be scrapped.
As the head of France's bosses' federation accused unions of behaving like "terrorists," the fresh industrial unrest was set to hit transport just days before fans begin arriving for the start of the football championships on June 10.
And Paris tourism chiefs voiced fears that the strikes and rallies that have frequently descended into violence were putting off visitors to one of the world's top tourist destinations.
"The scenes of guerilla-type action in the middle of Paris, beamed around the world, reinforce the feeling of fear and misunderstanding" among potential visitors still anxious after the November 2015 terror attacks which killed 130 people in Paris, the tourist board said.
President Francois Hollande and the Socialist government are refusing to buckle to the hardline CGT union's demand that it withdraw the planned reforms.
After attempting to paralyse the country with blockades of refineries and fuel depots last week, the union has responded by calling for strikes on the national rail network beginning Tuesday and on the Paris Metro from Thursday.
Air travellers are also set to face more cancellations and delays.
After weeks of trading insults, CGT leader Philippe Martinez revealed he had received a phone call from Prime Minister Manuel Valls to discuss the bitter standoff.
Mr Martinez refused to reveal what they had discussed in Saturday's call but told BFMTV: "The fact that he deigns to call the spokesman of France's biggest union rather than denigrate him is a good sign." But Pierre Gattaz, head of the MEDEF employers' federation, didn't mince his words about what was needed.
"To have the rule of law respected, you have to ensure that minorities who behave a bit like hooligans, like terrorists, do not block the whole country," he told the daily Le Monde Monday.
On the ground, six of France's eight oil refineries were still halted or running at reduced capacity due to union action.
Workers at the oil terminal in the northern port of Le Havre - which supplies kerosene to Paris's two main airports - voted Monday to extend their blockade until Wednesday.
Despite parts of western France still suffering from severe shortages, supplies were gradually returning to petrol stations after police cleared blockades on Friday.
Aviation unions have called for stoppages next weekend and Air France pilots voted Monday to go on strike for at least six days in June in a separate dispute over productivity targets, which could spark added chaos for visitors to Euro 2016.
The measures at the heart of the dispute are aimed at injecting more flexibility into France's famously-rigid labour market by making it easier to hire and fire employees.
Companies would also be able to negotiate terms and conditions with their workers rather than be bound by industry-wide agreements.
But the unions say the moves will erode job security and fail to bring down unemployment which is stuck at just under 10 per cent.
Unions are also furious that the government rammed the reforms through the lower house of parliament without a vote.
They have called for another national day of rallies and strikes on June 14, the day that the Senate begins examining the law.
Despite the disruption caused to their daily lives, nearly half of French people still support the union's call, a poll showed.
Forty-six per cent want the government to scrap the reforms, according to the poll in the Journal du Dimanche newspaper on Sunday, while 46 per cent think they should be changed.
The conflict comes a year before presidential elections in which Mr Hollande is considering seeking a second term despite popularity ratings that are among the lowest for a post-war French leader.