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Australia's central bank sits tight as second-wave risks mount


AUSTRALIA'S central bank stayed on the policy sidelines on Tuesday despite a setback to the nation's successful run of Covid-19 containment damping the economy's otherwise improving prospects.

Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) Governor Philip Lowe kept the cash rate and three-year yield target unchanged at 0.25 per cent, as expected.

Soaring job advertisements and retail sales suggest the economy is recovering, yet the outbreak of infections in Australia's second-largest city is a stark reminder of ongoing risks.

"The downturn has been less severe than earlier expected" and conditions have stabilised recently, Mr Lowe said in a statement after the meeting. "There has also been a pick-up in retail spending in response to the decline in infections and the easing of restrictions in most of the country."

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The RBA is leaning on fiscal authorities to keep injecting stimulus into the economy to cover the retreat in private activity.

Prime Minister Scott Morrison's government will deliver an economic statement on July 23 that will outline ongoing support and where it intends to let programmes expire.

New South Wales and Victoria, the nation's most populous and economically powerful states, will close their border tonight as Victorian authorities battle to contain Melbourne's worst spike in coronavirus cases since the crisis began.

While Australia has been one of the standout performers globally in limiting the spread of the virus to less than 9,000 cases, Victoria's flare-up shows just how hard it is to eradicate without a vaccine, as Mr Lowe himself has warned.

Australia's economy lost more than 800,000 jobs in April and May and the unemployment rate, which hit 7.1 per cent, is expected to reach 8 per cent this quarter.

The government's JobKeeper programme, which pays a wage subsidy to keep workers attached to firms, has been instrumental in containing the jobless rate.

The programme is due to expire in September and its fate will be closely watched in the Morrison government's July statement.

Australia's relative success in flattening the infection curve and its yield-control programme have proved attractive to investors, particularly given the more expansive measures taken by many other central banks.

The Australian dollar has soared about 20 per cent since March 19, when the RBA announced its emergency measures.

When questioned on the currency last month, Mr Lowe said it's hard to argue the exchange rate is overvalued given the relative health and economic struggles of some other countries.

Still, by Australian standards the economy is battling. It has endured the first recession since 1991 and 8 per cent unemployment would be the highest this century.

On top of that, ties with China, Australia's key trading partner, have been tense since Mr Morrison called for an international inquiry into the origins of the Covid-19 outbreak. BLOOMBERG

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