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Bank of Korea surprises with rate cut as Japan trade row adds to risks

South Korea's central bank unexpectedly cut its policy interest rate for the first time in three years on Thursday, as uncertainties from a trade dispute with Japan add to growing concerns over the economy's outlook.

[SEOUL] South Korea's central bank unexpectedly cut its policy interest rate for the first time in three years on Thursday, as a trade dispute with Japan among other pressures heightened risks for the already slowing economy.

The Bank of Korea announced its Monetary Policy Board voted to cut the base rate by 25 basis points to 1.50 per cent, without elaborating, ahead of expectations in a Reuters poll that the board would lower the rate next month..

Governor Lee Ju-yeol is due to hold a news conference at 0220 GMT, where he is expected to disclose the vote result and the central bank's revised economic growth and inflation forecasts.

Bond futures rose and the won weakened as the earlier-than-expected rate cut indicated there could be another easing soon. Stock prices, however, fell slightly as the move underscored the troubles with corporate profits.

"I think today's cut means there will likely be one more cut, probably in November," said Kong Dong-rak, fixed-income analyst at Daishin Securities, adding that a strong consensus among policy authorities to support the economy probably prompted the central bank to move quickly.

Korean bond prices had pencilled in a rate cut or two in the near term especially since Governor Lee and the finance minister both suggested the time for policy easing was near.

The Bank of Korea has come under growing pressure to cut rates after first-quarter economic growth and inflation fell short of expectations and the US-China tariff dispute remains unresolved.

Early this month, South Korea's economy was dealt an additional blow as Japan announced plans to tighten restrictions on exports of materials for making chips and smartphone displays to its smaller neighbour.

Analysts say it is too early to estimate the damage but the curbs could affect South Korea's economy at least by hurting profits at the country's computer chip and smartphone makers as well as hitting sentiment for consumption and investment.

Global investment banks have downgraded their forecasts for South Korea's 2019 economic growth, with some expecting the pace to slow below 2 per cent from 2.7 per cent set last year. Inflation is also seen widely missing the central bank's 2 per cent target.

South Korea's economy surprisingly contracted in the first quarter from the previous three-month period, while annual inflation has stayed below its 2 per cent target for the past seven successive months.