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Citigroup discloses gender and racial pay gaps, plans raises
[NEW YORK] Citigroup said it would measure, publish and take steps to close the gaps between what it pays men and women in three countries and for US minorities.
The move follows a shareholder proposal filed by Boston-based Arjuna Capital and is the first of its kind by a big US bank. As well as the US, Citigroup also studied pay in the UK - where such reporting is now mandatory - and Germany.
Citigroup will increase the pay of women and US minorities as well as others where raises are warranted to close the gap, the bank said in a statement. It also promised to do similar analyses in other countries where any of its more than 200,000 employees work.
The focus on pay "supports our efforts to attract and retain the best talent and reward performance," Citigroup said. About half of the bank's employees are women but only a quarter of senior executives are female. Eleven per cent of its US employees are African American, while only 1.6 per cent of senior executives are.
Citigroup said it analysed total compensation of its employees in the US, the UK and Germany, looking at factors such as job level, function and geography. It found that women on average earned 99 per cent of men's pay and that US minorities earned 99 per cent of non-minorities' pay.
The UK is requiring all companies, including foreign ones such as Citigroup, to report gender pay data publicly starting in April. The numbers are based on averages of the total workforce, and those reported by financial institutions so far tend to be far wider than the national gender pay gap of 18 per cent.
Brian Levine, a partner at Mercer Consulting who analyses pay, said those numbers shrink to between one per cent to three per cent for most companies when job function, seniority and other factors are taken into account, largely because women are clustered in lower paying jobs. He added that some companies are conducting analyses proactively across the globe ahead of the UK disclosures.
Arjuna managing partner Natasha Lamb said she was withdrawing the proposal as a result of Citigroup's actions and hoped that other banks would follow suit. "Citigroup is stepping into a leadership role on the gender pay gap that we have not seen from any of its US financial peers," she said.
Arjuna successfully pressed seven technology companies to disclose their gender pay gaps in 2016. It made a similar effort at US banks last year, including Citigroup, but was rebuffed by the financial institutions.
Arjuna has targeted eight other financial institutions for the 2018 proxy season. They are JPMorgan Chase & Co, Wells Fargo & Co, Bank of America, Bank of New York Mellon, American Express, Mastercard, Reinsurance Group of America and Progressive. The proposals ask the companies to publish their policies and goals to reduce the gender pay gap.