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Prospect of BOJ policy tweak jolts Japanese markets and yen
JAPAN'S yen hit two-week highs against the dollar, and the 10-year benchmark bond yield jumped to a six-month peak on Monday, following reports that the central bank was debating moves to scale back its massive monetary stimulus.
Also pushing the yen up were comments on Friday by US President Donald Trump criticising the greenback's strength, which in turn knocked Japanese exporter stocks and the benchmark Nikkei index lower.
Sources on Friday told Reuters the Bank of Japan (BOJ) is holding preliminary discussions on possible changes to its monetary policy, which include adjustments to interest-rate targets and stock-buying techniques and focus on ways to make the massive stimulus programme more sustainable.
The report on the BOJ's deliberations has heightened expectations that the central bank would end some of its aggressively accommodative monetary policy, which lifted the 10-year yield as much as six basis points to 0.090 per cent, a level not seen since early February.
Shifting market views on Japanese policy come as other major central banks move away from low interest rates and as trade frictions between the United States and its major trading partners worsen.
Takafumi Yamawaki, head of currency and fixed income research at J.P. Morgan Securities, said: "Whatever explanation the BOJ makes, if it makes policy adjustments that will lead to higher rates, that will make market players aware that the BOJ is in the phase of withdrawal from its massive stimulus."
The spike in the 10-year yield prompted the central bank to activate a rarely-used special bond buying operation, which pushed the yield back from its intra-day high.
The BOJ through the market operation pledged to buy 10-year JGBs at a yield of 0.110 per cent, the same level at which it has intervened in the past.
Still, the prospect that the BOJ could adjust its current policy framework as early as its next meeting next week unsettled investors, who have grown accustomed to its stimulus.
The 10-year JGB futures price fell 0.41 point, matching their biggest single day decline since the BOJ announced the current policy framework of "yield curve control" on Sept 21, 2016.
The BOJ's policy now consists mainly of negative short-term interest rates, keeping the 10-year yield around zero per cent and buying about six trillion yen (S$73.6 billion) of stocks through exchange traded funds (ETFs).
Still, negative rates and persistently low bond yields have eroded profits of domestic banks, especially regional institutions that serve a shrinking domestic population.
Bank shares soared 3.5 per cent on hopes of higher bond yields.
On the other hand, Fast Retailing shares dropped 5.7 per cent and other heavyweights in the Nikkei share average tumbled as traders expected the BOJ to reduce buying in the Nikkei-linked ETFs.
The Nikkei fell 1.33 per cent, compared to 0.36 per cent drop in the broader Topix index.
The BOJ's buying in the Nikkei ETF has led the BOJ to own a large chunk of its large components, such as Fast Retailing and Fanuc, leading to scarcity of shares in the market.
Exporter stocks slid on the currency's appreciation with Toyota Motor Corp off 1.7 per cent, Shin-etsu Chemical 1.9 per cent and Panasonic 1.2 per cent.
The Japanese yen rose to a two-week high of 110.75 per dollar.
BOJ Governor Haruhiko Kuroda started massive bond buying in 2013 with an aim to eradicate deflationary pressures and boost prices.
But Japan's inflation is seen as unlikely to reach the BOJ's 2 per cent target even after the central bank, which frequently buys more JGBs than the government issues, soaking up more than 40 per cent of government debt. The central bank has been gradually reducing its bond buying since September 2016, when it set a policy target of zero per cent in the 10-year JGB yield, relegating its quantitative bond buying target to a secondary role.
The 20-year yield rose 8.0 basis points to 0.555 per cent , off 11/2-year low of 0.475 per cent touched earlier this month. The 10-year yield last stood at 0.080 per cent, up 5.0 basis points on the day. REUTERS