Schwab errs with US$1.2m account transfer, customer buys house with 'windfall'

IT'S NOT quite the nearly US$1 billion blunder that Citigroup Inc made last summer, but Charles Schwab Corp accidentally sent more than US$1 million to the Fidelity Brokerage Services account of a woman in Louisiana.

Schwab blamed an "issue created by a software enhancement" for erroneously transferring US$1.2 million in February to the Fidelity account of Kelyn Spadoni, rather than the US$82.56 she had requested, according to a lawsuit filed in federal court in New Orleans last month.

The next day, when Charles Schwab tried to recover the money it had deposited in error into the account of Spadoni, authorities said, about a quarter of the funds were already gone. For about a month, the company said, calls, emails and text messages to Spadoni went unanswered.

The funds had been transferred to another account and used by Spadoni to buy a house and a Hyundai Genesis SUV, according to the Jefferson Parish Sheriff's Office. She was arrested on fraud and theft charges on April 7 and fired as a 911 dispatcher the same day, the Sheriff's Office said.

"I think most people understand about how much money is in their bank accounts," Capt Jason Rivarde, a spokesman for the Sheriff's Office, said in an interview. "When you're expecting eighty dollars and you get $1.2 million, there's probably something wrong there."

Spadoni, 33, has been charged with bank fraud, illegal transmission of monetary funds and theft greater than US$25,000, the authorities said. She did not respond to phone and email requests for comment. There was no record that she had a lawyer.

A spokesman for Charles Schwab said in an email that the company was fully cooperating with authorities in an effort to resolve the issue. It declined to comment further.

Recipients of cash wired in error are typically required to return it.

James J Angel, an associate professor of finance at Georgetown University's McDonough School of Business, said: "In general, if it's not yours, you've got to give it back. Somebody who is not expecting it, hasn't requested it, and it suddenly shows up? It was obviously an error."

John C Coffee Jr, a Columbia Law School professor, said someone who finds money has a legal obligation to try to make restoration.

"Even if Schwab was negligent, that doesn't give her a right to hold on to this found property," he said. "These cases come up now and then. Bank delivery trucks do get into car crashes, and money does come out behind them, and the police and others want you to give it back."

A federal judge's ruling this year offers a prominent exception. In 2020, Citigroup accidentally wired US$900 million to a group of lenders, intending to make a small interest payment on behalf of the beauty company Revlon, but instead repaying them in full.

Some of the lenders, who had sued Revlon and Citi seeking repayment of the loan, refused to return about US$500 million. In February, the US District Court in Manhattan ruled that the recipients did not have to return the cash because they had reasonable grounds to believe the payment was intentional.

Citigroup's misadventure pales in comparison the error made in 2018 by Deutsche Bank, which inadvertently transferred 28 billion euros ($33.4 billion) to one of its outside accounts.

Still, the "Citigroup case is definitely an outlier" said Professor Angel, because they had made a previous claim on the money.

Capt Rivarde said: "When you take something that obviously doesn't belong to you, that would be theft."



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