The worst may be over for emerging Asian currencies as slower-than-expected US inflation eases pressure on the Federal Reserve to aggressively raise interest rates, according to DBS Group Holdings and Malayan Banking.
Currencies across the region jumped on Thursday(Aug 11), following their developing-nation peers in the Americas and Europe, after the US data published on Wednesday led to a slump in the dollar. The Thai baht led gains, rising 0.9 per cent, while the Indonesian rupiah strengthened 0.7 per cent.
"The US inflation data affirmed our assumption for the dollar to return gains against Asian currencies starting this quarter into the rest of the year," said Philip Wee, a senior foreign-exchange strategist at DBS in Singapore. "The worst is likely over for Asian currencies, though volatility will persist."
A weaker dollar will ease pressure on Asian central banks to raise borrowing costs and help support economic growth in the region amid the risk of a recession in the US and other developed nations.
Optimism toward emerging Asian assets has already been building in recent months as shown by fund inflows. This month alone, global investors have bought a net US$2.06 billion of Indian stocks and US$1.25 billion of Korean equities, along with US$1.71 billion of Korean bonds and US$721 million of Indonesian debt.
JPMorgan Asset Management shifted to an overweight position on Indonesian bonds this month, saying any selloff would be a good opportunity to buy duration.
Annual US consumer-price gains slowed to 8.5 per cent in July from a 9.1 per cent June advance that was the largest in four decades, the Labor Department said on Wednesday.
"Our baseline has always been for US inflation to grind lower over time, and for growth jitters to become more apparent into year-end," said Yanxi Tan, a currency strategist at Maybank in Singapore. "That would support some retracement of the dollar's strength against Asian FX in the second half of the year."
Swaps referencing the Fed's September meeting swung back toward a half-point rate increase after earlier pricing in a larger move.
"Bets on a 75 basis-point hike may be unwound, and the euro, the won and commodity currencies will get a boost as risk sentiment improves," Kim Seunghyuk, a foreign-exchange analyst at NH Futures in Seoul, wrote in a research note.
Still, there are those who remain bearish on Asian currencies, saying last week's better-than-forecast payroll figures are a reason for the Fed to keep raising interest rates.
"We are not chasing this USD/Asia lower move," said Trang Thuy Le, an Asia foreign-exchange strategist at Macquarie Capital in Hong Kong. "We don't think one CPI report is enough to change the Fed rhetoric. Between payrolls and CPI, we throw our weight behind the strong payroll numbers."
Emerging Asia currencies are still nursing heavy losses this year. The Korean won has dropped 8.7 per cent, the Philippine peso has fallen 8.1 per cent and the Taiwan dollar has lost 7.6 per cent. BLOOMBERG