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Chevron posts profit on deep cost cuts, improved oil prices
[HOUSTON] Chevron Corp on Friday posted a surprise third-quarter profit as oil prices recovered from spring lows and spending cuts benefited operating results.
Chevron and its peers have slashed spending budgets this year on plummeting demand and crude oil prices that remain about 40 per cent below where they began the year. Royal Dutch Shell Plc and BP Plc also posted higher-than-expected quarterly results after deep expense cuts this year.
The second-largest US oil producer reported earnings of US$201 million, or 11 cents per share, excluding one-time items.
That compared with a profit of US$2.9 billion, or US$1.55 per share, a year earlier.
Wall Street analysts had expected a loss of 27 cents for the quarter, according to Refinitiv IBES data.
Shares rose to US$69.52, up 1 per cent.
Chief financial officer Pierre Breber said it was too soon to say when the pandemic-related decline in oil demand will end.
The outlook for energy consumption "depends on when the world - this country and other countries - get control of the pandemic and those activities resume. We don't know when that's going to be," Mr Breber said.
Chevron is near the end of a year-long restructuring of its operations to reflect a prolonged period of low prices, Mr Breber said. The effort will reduce its workforce by up to 15 per cent of its 45,000 person staff.
The company expects about US$500 million in severance payments this quarter.
Despite lower volumes, it posted modest operating profit in oil and gas production and refining by cutting expenses 12 per cent and spending on new projects by 48 per cent, excluding acquisitions, both from year-ago levels.
That helped offset cheaper fuel. While its oil sold last quarter for 63 per cent more than in the second quarter, it was still well below the US$47 a barrel price received a year ago.
"The world's economy continues to operate below pre-pandemic levels, impacting demand for our products which are closely linked to economic activity," chief executive officer Michael Wirth said in a statement.
In the top US oil field, the Permian Basin shale field, Chevron expects output to dip to around 550,000 barrels of oil and gas per day, from 565,000 barrels per day this quarter, Mr Breber said. It is likely to keep production there flat until the global economy recovers.
"The world doesn't need more supply," Mr Breber said.
Project spending is planned around US$14 billion next year for the combined Chevron and Noble Energy, which Chevron purchased this month for about US$4.1 billion.
Chevron's oil and gas production in the third quarter was down 7 per cent, compared with a year earlier, reflecting asset sales, curtailment due to low prices and contract agreements. Refining volumes recovered from a sharp second-quarter drop, while remaining below year-ago levels.
The company continues to give priority to its shareholder dividend even as cash flow from operations fell 57 per cent from a year ago and turned negative in the third quarter.
"Chevron generated enough cash flow to cover its capital spending and had only a modest deficit after funding its dividend," Edward Jones analyst Jennifer Rowland said.
"The company's strong balance sheet and liquidity position supports its dividend during this difficult period. We view the company as a defensive holding in a challenging industry."