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Exxon becomes top Permian driller to combat falling output


EXXON Mobil Corp has overtaken rivals to become the most active driller in the Permian Basin, showing the urgency with which the world's biggest oil company by market value is pursuing US shale.

Even after a slow start in the region of West Texas and New Mexico, Exxon is now operating more drilling rigs than Concho Resources Inc, which merged with RSP Permian Inc earlier this year to create one of the biggest Permian-focused explorers, according to statistics from RigData Inc. supplied to Bloomberg Intelligence.

It's not hard to see why the Permian has become so important to Exxon. A series of strategic mistakes sent the oil giant's overall production careening to a 10-year low by the middle of this year. Drilling wells in the the Permian, the world's premier shale field, yields low-cost oil in months rather than the years required for megaprojects to begin producing crude.

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"They need to get the production and returns back up, and the Permian is where you can ramp up the fastest," said Fernando Valle, a New York-based analyst at Bloomberg Intelligence.

Exxon isn't alone in tapping US shale after years of pursuing overseas resources. Rival Chevron Corp will spend the highest portion of its capital budget at home in at least a decade.

The Permian now accounts for about 10 per cent of Chevron's overall production. BP Plc this year agreed to spend US$10.5 billion on BHP Billiton Ltd's shale assets to gain access to the Permian.

For Exxon, the Permian is still small when placed in the context of its global reach. In the third quarter of this year it produced just a fraction of the oil titan's total production. But CEO Darren Woods expects strong growth each year through 2025. By then, he's targeting as much as 800,000 barrels a day from the Permian and the Bakken in North Dakota, which would be about 20 per cent of today's overall production.

Mr Woods' escalation in the Permian is essentially a bet that Exxon can drill wells so cheaply that they'll be profitable despite crude's recent sharp price drop.

"The business we build in the Permian, we're building for the long term," Mr Woods said in a Bloomberg TV interview last month. "It needs to be efficient, low-cost and effective." BLOOMBERG