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Oil prices drop over 1% on Iran sanctions waivers
[NEW YORK] Oil prices fell on Tuesday, with US crude futures hitting an eight-month low, a day after Washington granted sanction waivers to top buyers of Iranian oil and as Iran said it has so far been able to sell as much oil as it needs to.
Brent crude futures fell US$1.04 to settle at US$72.13 a barrel, down 1.42 per cent. The global benchmark hit a session low of US$71.18 a barrel, the lowest price since Aug 16.
US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures fell 89 cents, or 1.41 per cent, to settle at US$62.21 a barrel. The session low was US$61.31 a barrel, the weakest price since March 16.
Iran said it has so far been able to sell as much oil as it needs and urged European countries opposed to US sanctions to do more to shield Iran.
The United States on Monday restored sanctions targeting Iran's oil, banking and transport sectors and threatened more action. Treasury secretary Steven Mnuchin said Washington aimed to bring Iranian oil exports to zero, but 180-day exemptions were granted to eight importers: China, India, South Korea, Japan, Italy, Greece, Taiwan and Turkey.
This group takes as much as three-quarters of Iran's seaborne oil exports, trade data shows, meaning the Islamic Republic will still be allowed to export some oil for now.
Industry estimates suggest Iran's oil exports have fallen 40 to 60 per cent since US president Donald Trump said in May he would reimpose sanctions. However, exemptions could allow exports to rise again after November.
Turkish president Tayyip Erdogan said the country, a top importer of Iranian oil, would not abide by the sanctions, which he said were aimed at "unbalancing the world."
Jim Ritterbusch, president of Ritterbusch & Associates said that the sanctions alone will not drive up oil prices.
"While the Iranian sanctions should still be viewed as a latent bullish consideration capable of limiting much additional price slippage, it would appear that the Iranian factor alone will not be capable of spurring higher prices without major assistance from a renewed strengthening in the equities, sustainable weakening in the US dollar or a significant cut back in OPEC production," Mr Ritterbusch said in a note.
Concerns about oil demand weighed on prices. The trade dispute between the United States and China threatens growth in the world's two biggest economies, and currency weakness is pressuring economies in Asia.
On the supply side, US crude oil production is expected to average 12.06 million barrels per day (bpd) in 2019, passing the 12 million bpd milestone sooner than expected on surging domestic shale output, the US Energy Information Administration said on Tuesday.
US crude stocks rose by 7.8 million barrels in the week ending Nov 2 to 432 million, data from industry group the American Petroleum Institute showed on Tuesday. Analysts had expected an increase of 2.4 million barrels.
Output is rising from the world's top three producers. Russia, the United States and Saudi Arabia combined produced more than 33 million bpd for the first time in October, enough to meet more than a third of the world's consumption of almost 100 million bpd.
Top crude exporter Saudi Arabia has cut the December price for its Arab Light grade for Asian customers.
Hedge fund managers were net sellers of petroleum-linked futures and options last week.
Morgan Stanley on Tuesday lowered its price forecast for Brent, saying the global benchmark will stay at US$77.5 per barrel to mid-2019.