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Oil prices retreat as investors wait for clarity on Opec deal
[SINGAPORE] Oil futures retreated on Thursday as the market grew more sceptical on how Opec would implement a plan to curb oil output a day after the group agreed to limit production.
Benchmark prices had initially extended gains made in the previous session following the decision by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec) to reduce its aggregate output by 700,000-800,000 barrels per day (bpd), or to around 32.5 million to 33 million bpd.
But Brent and US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) retreated from their highest levels in more than two weeks as the market began to focus on the lack of hard facts about the deal.
"Investors and traders are sceptical - with good reason. More cynical traders are questioning the complete lack of detail, including the potentially problematic question of which nations will curtail production," Michael McCarthy, chief market strategist at Sydney's CMC Markets, told Reuters.
Opec said each member's output cuts will be decided at its next formal meeting in November, when an invitation to join the deal could also be extended to other producers such as Russia.
Brent crude had fallen 26 US cents to US$48.43 a barrel by 0431 GMT, after earlier climbing to a high of US$49.09 when the market opened, its highest since Sept 9. Brent settled up US$2.72 a barrel, or 5.9 per cent, in the previous session.
WTI crude fell 6 US cents to US$46.99 a barrel, after first hitting US$47.47, its highest since Sept 8. The US oil rose US$2.38, or 5.3 per cent, on Wednesday. "There is a lack of clarity and detail which is why people are taking profits," said Virendra Chauhan, oil analyst at Energy Aspects in Singapore.
Energy Aspects estimated the net effect of the production cuts would be around 400,000 barrels a day as output from Libya and Nigeria remained uncertain.
"A production freeze at a level that allows everyone to produce at or near maximum capacity will do very little to reduce the oversupply in the market," Peter Lee, oil and gas analyst at BMI Research, told Reuters.
Some support for prices came as US crude stocks fell 1.9 million barrels to 502.7 million barrels in the week to Sept 23, against analyst expectations for a 3 million barrel increase, data from the US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration showed.
Inventories were expected to rebound after a big drop a few weeks ago, but instead stocks have continued to decline, along with imports.
US inventories, however, still remain at historically high levels for this time of year, according to the EIA.