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China's cash crunch brings a dead funding tool back to life
PLANS by two Chinese companies to revive a long-dormant form of equity fundraising have underscored the dilemma facing the nation's leaders as they try to ease a private-sector cash crunch without sinking the stock market.
The two firms are planning public placements, a type of share sale unused in China since 2014. Their attempted reboot follows last year's tightening of restrictions on private placements, the hitherto most popular method for listed Chinese companies to sell additional shares. Policymakers clamped down on such deals in part because they were worried a flood of new stock would weigh on the US$5.5 trillion market.
While it's unclear whether regulators will approve the public placements, the proposals highlight how tough it has become for companies to tap China's main source of equity financing. Market observers say authorities need to strike a better balance between controlling the supply of new shares and ensuring that companies have access to funding, particularly after a contraction in China's shadow banking industry left many private-sector companies short of cash.
"If the stock market restores its financing function, it will help companies grow bigger and stronger," said Lv Changshun, a fund manager at Beijing Dajun Zhimeng Investment Management Co. Since 2014, additional stock offerings in China have been dominated by private placements. Companies liked the structure because it gave them some say over who was allowed to invest. Money managers liked it because shares were typically offered at a significant discount to the prevailing market price. And investment banks liked it because they weren't obligated to buy the shares if buyers baulked.
But after the value of private placements soared to a record 1.7 trillion yuan (S$337 billion) in 2016, regulators turned off the taps. Rules introduced in February 2017 reduced the size of the discount and limited investors from selling shares even after the lock-up period. Private placements this year have totalled just 285 billion yuan, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Guangdong Topstar Technology Co, which announced plans in October to pursue a public placement, said in response to questions from Bloomberg that it chose the structure because raising money from a private placement had become too difficult under the tightened rules. The company, which hopes to raise 800 million yuan to fund robotics and automation-equipment projects, hired China Merchants Securities Co to underwrite the deal.
Jiangsu Xinquan Automotive Co, a maker of car parts that plans to raise 787 million yuan in a public placement to fund the construction of two factories, didn't answer multiple calls for comment.
The China Securities Regulatory Commission didn't respond to calls and a fax requesting comment on the deals.
A bigger role for equity financing could help Chinese companies trim their record debt burdens and reduce their reliance on the shadow banking system. Even as regulators have taken some recent steps to make fundraising easier, including exempting companies from a ban on selling stock more than once in 18 months, critics say there's still more to be done to make the process easier.
"We would see a sharp pick-up in issuance if regulators improve the relevant rules, such as simplifying the approval process, adjusting the pricing mechanism and enhancing investor protection," said Fu Lichun, an analyst at Northeast Securities.
"Public share placements could provide a chance for companies to turn the corner." BLOOMBERG