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China gets twin boost from trade deal, better November data
THE pick-up in China's economy in November adds to the optimism from the trade deal announced last week, though plenty of downside risks remain as the nation heads into 2020.
Industrial output and private consumption were both much stronger than expected, with production jumping 6.2 per cent from a year earlier and retail sales climbing 8 per cent, data released on Monday showed.
At the same time, fixed-asset investment in the first 11 months of this year grew at 5.2 per cent, the slowest pace since at least 1998.
If the trade deal is signed early next year as the US has indicated and tariffs on some Chinese goods are lifted, it would go some way to dispel some of the uncertainty that has been hanging over the economy.
Domestically, policy makers still face questions about the sustainability of debt and rising defaults, but the government has emphasised policy stability and there is little chance of a change until at least March next year, when authorities meet to approve 2020's broad policy guidelines.
"Without the December tariff hike, the recent uptick in domestic activities will more likely last longer," according to UBS AG's chief China economist Wang Tao.
The "easing policy tone should also support resilient property investment and a pick-up in infrastructure construction in the coming months," but trade war-related uncertainties will linger, which would depress corporate capital spending and prevent activities from returning to pre-tariff levels, she wrote.
The details of the agreement haven't yet been published.
A spokesman for China's Foreign Ministry said on Monday that officials remain in contact, and further information will be released in due course. Stocks were mixed in Asia on Monday, while the yuan strengthened offshore. European stocks and US futures gained on trade optimism.
Economists from UBS AG and Oxford Economics Ltd upgraded their forecast for gross domestic product (GDP) growth in 2020 to 6 per cent from 5.7 per cent after the deal was announced, while saying uncertainties will linger. Citic Securities Co, a leading domestic brokerage house, said they expect the reduced tariffs to lift GDP growth by 0.5 percentage point in 2020, if all the other factors remain unchanged.
China's commitment on agricultural purchases would also help policy makers manage pork-driven consumer inflation, according to Nomura International Ltd to China International Capital Corp and Citigroup Inc.
Whether there will be a rebound in sluggish investment will be closely watched going into next year. There was a slight pick-up in fixed-asset investment by private companies, according to the November data.
But growth was still weaker than expected for state-owned firms, indicating that private companies are still less confident about the economy. This may also reflect the increased difficulty they have in accessing credit.
To boost growth, the central government is encouraging local governments to sell more bonds earlier in 2020 to pay for infrastructure spending.
How effective that will be remains to be seen, with spending on roads, trains, utilities and other infrastructure only growing 4 per cent in the first 11 months of this year. That was slightly stronger than the same point last year, but well below levels in earlier years.
"The data look all good at first glance," said Betty Wang, senior economist at Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd.
"But there are no evident signs that the sluggishness is turning around," she added, pointing out that the rebound in retail sales is probably due to a one-off factor, such as the Singles Day promotion, and that improvement in industrial production might be because of quarter-end spikes.
For 2020, the nation's leaders said last week that they want to prioritise stability and keep growth within a "reasonable range".
Fiscal policy should be more proactive and effective, while prudent monetary policy should be "flexible and appropriate", according to a statement released after the Central Economic Work Conference.
On Friday, China and the US announced they'd come to a preliminary trade agreement, staving off higher tariffs this month.
However, the promised reductions in tariffs are unlikely to take effect until February at the earliest and that may postpone the real-world impact. Chinese exports to the US fell in 10 of the 11 months this year.
That phase-one deal has reduced market uncertainty, and China hopes the two sides can work on more to rollback tariffs or even remove all the tariffs in stages, according to Fu Linghui, the National Bureau of Statistics spokesman. BLOOMBERG