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French presidential candidates face off in first TV debate
[PARIS] France's presidential election moves into high gear on Monday when the top five contenders face off in a TV debate that could help sway legions of undecided voters, a month before they go to the polls.
Centrist frontrunner Emmanuel Macron and far-right leader Marine Le Pen are expected to come under attack in the first of three debates ahead of the April 23 opening round in France's most unpredictable election in decades.
A total of 11 candidates spanning the spectrum from Trotskyist left to far right are running for president. Six smaller candidates have been excluded from the debates.
Advisers to 48-year-old Ms Le Pen, who is running neck-and-neck with Mr Macron in polls for the first round but tipped for a sound beating by him in the May 7 run-off, said she would tear into the "globalist" programme of her pro-EU rival.
Former economy minister Mr Macron, 39, will also come under pressure from conservative nominee Francois Fillon, who will attempt to claw back votes lost to the centrist since he became embroiled in a damaging expenses scandal.
Polls currently show Mr Fillon, the one-time favourite, crashing out in the first round, behind Ms Le Pen and Mr Macron, following revelations about payments by parliament to his wife and children and loans and lavish gifts from the rich.
The 63-year-old former premier, who has been charged with misuse of public funds, will attempt to shift the focus to his programme, including the radical spending cuts he says represent France's only hope for real change.
Two men representing the ailing left - the Socialist Party's Benoit Hamon and Communist-backed radical Jean-Luc Melenchon, currently running in joint fourth - are also hoping for a boost from Monday's three-hour television joust.
"These elections are a pivotal moment for the French people," Mr Hamon, a 49-year-old leftist rebel who has struggled to make an impact, told a rally in Paris Sunday.
In a taste of what awaits Mr Macron on Monday Mr Hamon laid into the former Rothschild banker, casting him as the candidate of the elite.
"You're unemployed? Start your own company! You're poor? Become billionaires!" he said, alluding to remarks by Mr Macron, a liberal.
Turnout a major factor
The election, in which several political veterans have already been sent packing by voters fed up with politics as usual, could hinge on turnout.
While the Netherlands enjoyed near-record turnout of over 80 per cent in its general election, polls in France show only around 65 per cent of voters planning to vote in the first round, which would set a record low.
Of those, a whopping 40 per cent-plus say they are not yet wedded to any candidate.
Supporters of Mr Macron, who styles himself as a progressive transcending France's entrenched left-right divide, are among the most volatile while Ms Le Pen's are the most loyal, polls show.
"The 2017 campaign is hard to get a handle on," Pascal Perrineau, a political sciences professor at Sciences Po university wrote in Le Monde daily at the weekend, blaming the steady drip of "affairs, real or imagined" for preventing a real debate.
While most of the focus has been on Mr Fillon's legal woes and the gulf with the "irreproachable" image on which he won the Republicans nomination, Ms Le Pen also goes into the election with several investigations hanging over her party.
Mr Macron, a relative newcomer to politics, has largely avoided scandal but could be tainted by an investigation into possible favouritism over a 2016 event in Las Vegas at which he was the main speaker.