You are here
Greece's Tsipras resumes crunch debt talks with creditors
[BRUSSELS] Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras resumed emergency talks with creditors in Brussels Thursday to thrash out a debt deal to save Athens from default, despite having lashed out at lenders for rejecting his reform plans.
Mr Tsipras began a late-night meeting with the heads of the European Commission, International Monetary Fund and European Central Bank, Greece's main bailout monitors, officials said, after seven hours of discussions on Wednesday failed to produce a breakthrough.
Eurozone finance ministers meanwhile halted talks to finalise a deal on releasing further financial aid on Wednesday, saying they did not have enough information to work through the night as planned and that they would start again at 1100 GMT on Thursday.
Time is running out, with Athens needing the extra bailout cash to avoid defaulting on a huge International Monetary Fund payment on June 30, which could send it crashing out of the eurozone with potentially seismic effects for the world economy.
A European source told AFP there was "hope of an agreement between the (creditor) institutions and Greek authorities" from the talks between Mr Tsipras and the EU-IMF overnight Wednesday-Thursday.
"We have not reached agreement yet, but we are determined to continue our work towards doing what is necessary," Jeroen Dijsselbloem, head of the Eurogroup of finance ministers from the 19-country currency union, told reporters after the talks broke up after around one hour.
The Eurogroup talks, the third in less than a week, are expected to restart at 1100 GMT, aiming to approve a deal that can then be rubberstamped by national leaders who are meeting at a summit of the 28-state European Union on Thursday and Friday.
Eurozone stock markets fell at close, weighed down by renewed concerns about a deal, with Frankfurt dropping 0.62 per cent, Paris sliding 0.24 per cent, Madrid 0.82 per cent lower, Milan down 0.16 per cent and Greece losing 1.77 per cent.
Anti-austerity leader Tsipras had flown to Brussels early Wednesday for a crunch meeting with European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, IMF chief Christine Lagarde and European Central Bank boss Mario Draghi.
But Athens rejected what it said were fresh demands from its creditors on top of a reform plan that it submitted last week to end a five-month standoff that started with Mr Tsipras's election in January.
"This strange position maybe hides two things: either they do not want an agreement or they are serving specific interests in Greece," Mr Tsipras said as he went into the talks.
Mr Tsipras has vowed to end five years of austerity imposed under two bailouts worth 240 billion euros, and has resisted demands by creditors for spending cuts and pension reforms.
But the European-IMF lenders have refused to unlock the last 7.2 billion euros (S$10.84 billion) of Greece's bailout before it expires on June 30, which Greece needs to pay a 1.5-billion-euro IMF loan repayment on the same day.
EU President Donald Tusk warned last week of the risk of a "chaotic uncontrollable Grexident" - Greece crashing out of the euro and perhaps also the EU, which it joined in 1981.
ECB CASH INJECTION
The new plans submitted Sunday by Greece aim to raise eight billion euros, mostly through new taxes on the wealthy and businesses, VAT increases and a cut in defence spending.
But in counter-proposals handed to Greece on Tuesday, creditors are calling for early retirement to be abolished and an increase in the retirement age from 62 to 67 by 2022, not 2025.
They are sticking to demands for a 23 per cent value-added tax rate for restaurants, instead of the current 13 per cent. Athens is fearful of the consequences to its valuable tourism sector.
Creditors also propose to increase corporation tax to 28 per cent from the current 26 per cent, instead of the Greek plan to raise it to 29 per cent from 2016 onwards.
And they want defence expenditure to be slashed by 400 million euros instead of the proposed 200 million euros.
As the crisis rages, Greece's banking system has been kept afloat by cash injections from the ECB as wary Greeks withdraw their deposits, and on Wednesday it increased for the fifth time in eight days emergency liquidity funds.
The Greek government meanwhile warned that any accord would have to be approved by a parliamentary majority before June 30, which risks splitting Mr Tsipras's Syriza party, where many on the left wing view him as reneging on campaign promises.
Any Greek agreement will also need to deal with what comes next, with EU officials suggesting an extension of the bailout until the end of the year, followed by a possible third aid package to keep Greece afloat.
The two huge bailouts since the Greek crisis erupted in 2010 have left it with debt totalling nearly 180 per cent of its annual economic output.