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Italy in turmoil as PM yet to name government
[ROME] Italy saw no end in sight to its political turmoil on Tuesday as the caretaker prime minister ended talks on forming a government without unveiling his cabinet line-up, following the collapse of a populist coalition's bid to govern.
Carlo Cottarelli had promised to deliver the list "as soon as possible" in a bid to end the chaos that has raised fears for the stability of eurozone.
But the economist discreetly left the presidential palace after a brief meeting with President Sergio Mattarella on Tuesday afternoon without making any statement.
Shortly afterwards Giovanni Grasso, a spokesman for the president said Mr Cottarelli "has informed the head of state of the situation and... both will meet again tomorrow morning."
Mr Mattarella on Sunday blocked a cabinet proposed by the anti-immigrant League and their allies in the Five Star Movement (M5S).
Mr Mattarella vetoed the League-Five Star pick for economy minister, eurosceptic Paolo Savona. The populists cried foul and abandoned their joint bid for power.
That left Mr Cottarelli, a former IMF economist known as "Mr Scissors", tasked with naming a technocrat government.
Five Star and the League, who hold a majority in both houses of parliament, have vowed to reject Mr Cottarelli's proposed technocrat government.
New elections are now considered the most likely outcome of the political saga, sparked by an inconclusive poll in March.
On Tuesday Five Star leader Luigi Di Maio called for a return to the polls "as soon as possible".
Italian media said the elections could be scheduled for as early as July.
The uncertainty in the country and the fear that the Five Star Movement and the eurosceptic League could win even more votes if a fresh vote is held appeared to spook the financial markets.
Italy's 10-year bond yields surged to over 300 basis points higher than Germany's - a sign of surging investor doubts over Italy's financial stability.
The Milan stock exchange plunged more than three per cent on Tuesday morning before closing down -2.65 per cent.
'ITALIAN DEMOCRACY'S DARKEST NIGHT'
Mr Mattarella's veto and subsequent nomination of Mr Cottarelli as caretaker prime minister sparked angry calls for the president's impeachment, since most lawmakers backed Mr Savona.
Mr Mattarella said that an openly eurosceptic economy minister was counter to the parties' joint promise to simply "change Europe for the better from an Italian point of view".
League leader Matteo Salvini, a fellow eurosceptic who was Mr Savona's biggest advocate, said his side's joint plan for a government failed because of pressure from the "powers-that-be, the markets, Berlin and Paris".
"It was a big mistake to say no to a government which had a majority, a programme and a list of ministers," said Mr Salvini.
He added that the future elections would be a vote pitting "people and real life against the political old guard." The nationalist leader said that there would be League stands all over the country this weekend to collect signatures for a petition calling for the head of state to be "directly elected by citizens."
Five Star chief Luigi Di Maio called on party supporters to attend a rally in Rome on Saturday, the anniversary of Italy's transformation into a republic in 1946, after what he called "Italian democracy's darkest night".
Mr Cottarelli, 64, was director of the International Monetary Fund's fiscal affairs department from 2008 to 2013 and became known as "Mr Scissors" for his public spending cuts in Italy.
He said that should his technocrat government win parliamentary approval, it would stay in place until elections at the "start of 2019".
But if parliament fails to approve his government, a new election would be held. Only the centre-left Democratic Party has announced that it would vote in favour of the caretaker government.
'BEYOND HIS PREROGATIVES'
Mr Salvini and Mr Di Maio furiously denounced the presidential veto, blasting what they called meddling by Germany, debt ratings agencies, financial lobbies and even alleging lies from Mr Mattarella's staff.
"Paolo Savona would not have taken us out of the euro. It's a lie invented by Mattarella's advisors," Mr Di Maio said in a live video on Facebook. "The truth is that they don't want us in government."
Elections could benefit Mr Salvini, however, as recent polling by IndexResearch put the League at 22 per cent, five points up from its vote share in the March 4 ballot.