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US consumer spending weakest since 2009, inflation muted
[WASHINGTON] US consumer spending recorded its biggest decline since late 2009 in December, with households appearing to save the extra cash from cheaper gasoline, which could support future consumption.
The Commerce Department said on Monday consumer spending dropped 0.3 per cent after a downwardly revised 0.5 per cent increase in November. It was the largest drop since September 2009.
Economists polled by Reuters had forecast consumer spending, which accounts for more than two-thirds of US economic activity, falling 0.2 per cent in December after a previously reported 0.6 per cent increase.
When adjusted for inflation, consumer spending dipped 0.1 per cent, the weakest reading since last April, after increasing 0.7 per cent in November.
The data was included in Friday's fourth-quarter gross domestic product report, which showed the economy growing at a 2.6 per cent annual pace, with consumer spending rising at a brisk 4.3 per cent annual rate - the fastest since 2006.
Despite ending 2014 on a weak note, lower gasoline prices and a firming labour market are expected to provide a huge tailwind to consumer spending in the first quarter.
Households have so far used much of the extra income from cheap gasoline to pay down debt and boost savings, according to economists. Gasoline prices have plunged 43 per cent since June, according to US government data.
In December, income increased 0.3 per cent after a similar gain in November. Income at the disposal of households after accounting for inflation increased 0.5 per cent, the largest rise since last March. The saving rate rose to 4.9 per cent from 4.3 per cent in the prior month.
Lower gasoline prices put a damper on price pressures in December, with key inflation gauges slipping further below the Federal Reserve 2 per cent target. A price index for consumer spending fell 0.2 per cent after a similar decline in November.
In the 12 months through December, the personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index rose 0.7 per cent, the weakest reading since October 2009, slowing from a 1.2 per cent increase in November.
Excluding food and energy, prices were unchanged for a second straight month. The so-called core PCE price index increased 1.3 per cent in the 12 months through December.
The Fed has repeatedly said it viewed the oil-driven decline in inflation as transitory and expected inflation to move back to its target.