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US warns India against retaliatory duties over scrapping of trade privileges
[NEW DELHI] Any retaliatory tariff by India in response to the United States' planned withdrawal of trade privileges will not be "appropriate" under WTO rules, US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross warned on Tuesday.
The comments, made to broadcaster CNBC-TV18 during a trip to India's capital, come as trade ties between the United States and China worsen. The US is India's second-biggest trade partner after China.
India's new e-commerce rules could hurt future investments by the US in the South Asian country, Mr Ross said, even as he said he was hopeful that US firms would win defence deals from India in future.
Indian officials have raised the prospect of higher import duties on more than 20 US goods if President Donald Trump presses ahead with a plan announced in March to end the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) for India.
India is the biggest beneficiary of the GSP, which allows preferential duty-free imports of up to US$5.6 billion from the South Asian nation.
"Any time a government makes a decision adverse to another one, you will have to anticipate there could be consequences," Mr Ross said. "We don't believe under the WTO rules that retaliation by India would be appropriate."
He said the decision on GSP could be reversed in future if India deals with the issues raised by the US.
He added that India's new rules on e-commerce, which bar companies from selling products via firms in which they have an equity interest, and data localisation have been discriminatory for US firms such as Walmart Inc and Mastercard Inc.
"So the American companies are showing very good will and a very cooperative attitude towards 'Make in India' and the other programmes," Mr Ross said, referring to a manufacturing push by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
"But there's a limit to how far the discriminatory behaviour can go. And our job is to try to get a level, more level playing field."
"The tragic part of it is not that Walmart won't be able to function. They will, but it will cost them money. But we will never know how many new investments that also will cost India," Mr Ross said.