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Five years on from Arab Spring, instability continues

Aside from political and socio-economic discontent, factors including liquidity crunches and unemployment have exacerbated longer-standing grievances.

Moroccan protesters during a demonstration in the capital, Rabat, in support of Maati Monjib (portrait), a prominent Moroccan academic and right's activist. Starting in Tunisia in late 2010, a wave of political activity has spread out across the Arab world, including demonstrations and uprisings in countries as disparate as Algeria, Bahrain, Jordan, Morocco and Oman.

FRENCH President Francois Hollande said recently that "the attacks on Islamic State will be intensified" in December following his meetings with US President Barack Obama, Russian President Vladimir Putin, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and UK Prime Minister David Cameron. What could now be a...