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Amazon gets final approval for new HQ despite organised labour protest


AMAZON can build twin 22-storey headquarters buildings in Pentagon City, the Arlington County Board (Virginia) agreed in a 5-to-0 vote, after the online giant promised US$20 million in funding for affordable housing and vowed to crack down on labour fraud on its construction site.

It was the final approval Amazon needed to begin building its second headquarters, known as HQ2, in Arlington County, and it came after a four-hour hearing where the only friction was provided by about 100 union carpenters and building trade workers upset by what they said was payroll fraud on the part of contractors and subcontractors working on the company's temporary headquarters.

HQ2 is expected to be completed by 2023 and could transform the predominantly high-rise residential and low-rise warehouse district into a new centre of urban life just across Interstate 395 from the Pentagon. The 2-million-square-foot headquarters will house about 12,500 workers - half the expected 25,000 Amazon employees who will eventually work in the area.

Hundreds of employees are already working in leased offices around Crystal City, and another Amazon headquarters building in the neighbourhood is working its way through the planning process, most likely to come up for approval next year.

Negotiations between the county and the company for the sites, called Metropolitan Park, were necessary because the site had been zoned for residential use, and Amazon sought to add about 590,000 sq ft of density to 1.56 million sq ft that was already permitted.

The US$20 million commitment for affordable housing is the largest single infusion of money into Arlington's housing fund.

Amazon also promised to open a new 160-slot day-care facility for use by both employees and other Arlington residents on a first-come, first-served basis.

It pledged to spend about US$14 million to expand an existing public park tucked between high-rises into a two-acre public plaza and to pay for its maintenance in perpetuity, create two highly energy efficient structures that will be 100 per cent powered by renewable energy by 2030, build two new protected bike lanes, and devote its 69,545 sq ft of ground-floor space to a "curated" selection of retail shops; and provide a 700-person indoor event space available for county-sanctioned events at least four times a year.

An underground garage will have 1,933 spaces and workers will be encouraged to use mass transit, company-provided van pools, bikes and scooters - or walk to work. Additional transit and transportation improvements in the area were also promised.

The outcome of the board's vote was never really in doubt, because Arlington officials and most residents welcomed the company's announcement 13 months ago that it had selected the area including Pentagon City, Crystal City and Potomac Yard as the home for HQ2.

But union carpenters filled the hearing room to protest, alleging payroll fraud and misclassification of workers who are renovating existing structures for Amazon's temporary quarters.

Amazon promised earlier this week to require that contractors and subcontractors working on its headquarters pay the same local prevailing wages to labuorers and mechanics they would have to pay if it were a federal contract in excess of US$2,000.

The company also said that contractors and subcontractors could not employ independent contractors without Amazon's approval, and that they would be subject to oversight by a third-party labour compliance firm.

Stephen Courtien, executive director of the Baltimore-District of Columbia Building Trades union, said the proposal is "a good idea, but nothing they discussed is very innovative. It comes down to the contractor and he's self-reporting. They're not going to know who's on the job, off the books".

County Board members, several of whom have been supported by unions, urged the company to pay close attention to the problem, and decried the fact that they cannot require a project labour agreement on major construction projects, due to Virginia's policy of reserving all such decisions to the General Assembly.

At least one bill submitted for the 2020 legislative session would rectify that; State Senator Adam Ebbin announced last Friday night that his proposal would allow three Northern Virginia local governments to make such changes.

"A company that is built on innovation should not be used by low-road actors that use tired, old-school tactics (to hurt workers)," said County Board chair Christian Dorsey, after praising the plans for its architecture, energy-saving plans and community benefits.

The affordable housing contribution, given in exchange for higher density, is "substantial", he said. "It's not all the way there, but it's much better than where we started."

John Schoettler, Amazon's global vice-president of real estate and facilities, said as soon as he became aware of the labour abuses, he fired the general contractor and subcontractors involved and will not hire them again.

"This is absolutely not acceptable to us whatsoever," he told the five-member County Board, which is entirely composed of Democrats. "I've made it abundantly clear that I will tolerate absolutely none of this going forward and people on my team will be held accountable." WP