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US stocks at records as Santa rally persists
[NEW YORK] The "Santa Claus rally" kept rolling on Wall Street this week, picking up momentum from an outstanding US GDP report that lifted the market to new records.
The Dow and S&P 500 both closed the week out at fresh new peaks, with the blue-chip index registering its seventh straight gain in a surge that one analyst called a "humdinger." For the week, the Dow Jones Industrial Average gained 248.91 points (1.40 per cent) to 18,053.71.
The S&P 500 jumped 18.12 (0.88 per cent) to 2,088.77, while the tech-rich Nasdaq Composite Index rose 41.48 (0.87 per cent) to 4,806.86.
Hugh Johnson, head of Hugh Johnson Advisors, said he was heartened by gains in sectors linked to economic growth, like consumer discretionary spending and industrials. He noted that the small-cap Russell-2000 also reached a 52-week high Friday.
"You have all of the economically sensitive sectors sort of leading the parade recently," he said. "That tells us investors are becoming more optimistic about the economy and that's really good news.
"It's not only a humdinger of a rally, but it's also really positive if you look carefully at the market." The highlight of the holiday-shortened week was Tuesday's report on third-quarter US gross domestic product, which came in at five percent, the best rate since 2003 and much better than the 3.9 per cent previously estimated.
Spending for consumption rose 3.2 per cent, the biggest jump since the end of 2013. Analysts also cited strong growth in defense spending and exports.
The US growth figures showed "an economy firing on all cylinders for the first time in many quarters," said FTN Financial chief economist Chris Low.
US stocks surged on the GDP report, with the Dow crossing 18,000 for the first time Tuesday and plowing to new peaks Wednesday and Friday. The Dow has notched 38 record highs in 2014, while the S&P 500 has registered 52 new peaks.
The GDP report came on the heels of other strong US data in recent weeks on new jobs and retail sales and corroborated the sense that the US economy remains a bright spot at a time when Europe, Japan and key emerging economies are struggling.
Next week's calendar includes the Conference Board's report on consumer confidence for December and figures for the trade deficit in December. Analysts said US stocks could drift higher in the final days of 2014 absent a negative catalyst given the current positive sentiment.
However, market watchers are more cautious ahead of 2015.
"It's wishful thinking to think we could sustain this type of rally," said Johnson, who sees the travails of the Russian economy as a potential source of trouble for the global economy.
"It's hard for me to imagine that the crisis in Russia will not be transmitted to other parts of the world." Mr Johnson predicted more volatility in 2015.
Other risks to stocks next year include a move by the US Federal Reserve to raise interest rates, which is considered likely, and the economic hit to petroleum-linked regions such as the US Gulf Coast due to lower oil prices.
Higher stock valuations will also put an onus on companies to keep results strong. Earnings stumbles will be punished, analysts said.
"We've seen solid earnings," said David Levy, portfolio manager at Kenjol Capital Management, who predicts more volatility in 2015.
"The question is can earnings justify stocks at these levels?"