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Facebook responds to lawmakers' questions - with 500 pages of submissions

This could further embolden its critics in Congress as it sidesteps some lawmakers' most critical queries

Since Facebook's appearance on Capitol Hill, the firm has found itself further embroiled in political and legal controversy - missteps that could see it face steep fines and other penalties from regulators.


FACEBOOK pledged to continue refining its privacy practices and investigating its entanglement with Cambridge Analytica in nearly 500 pages of new information supplied to Congress and published Monday - though the social media giant sidestepped some of lawmakers' most critical queries.

The submissions - which come two months after Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg testified on Capitol Hill - could further embolden the company's critics in Congress as they continue to weigh new regulation in response to a series of recent data mishaps.

Much as it did during the hearing, Facebook told lawmakers on the Senate Judiciary Committee and the Senate Commerce Committee that it is reviewing all apps available on its platform that had access to large queries of data, a process that already has resulted in 200 suspensions.

Facebook added it's still in the throes of its investigation into Cambridge Analytica, a political consultancy that improperly accessed personal information about 87 million of the social site's users. The incident has raised the attention of the Federal Trade Commission, which has opened its own probe - and could levy Facebook with steep fines.

But Facebook did acknowledge that its consultants embedded in the 2016 presidential campaigns, including President Donald Trump's team, "did not identify any issues involving the improper use of Facebook data in the course of their interactions with Cambridge Analytica".

In another exchange, Facebook said it had provided "technical support and best practices guidance to advertisers, including Cambridge Analytica, on using Facebook's advertising tools". Facebook also pointed to new tools meant to address its privacy practices, including a feature called Clear History, which "will enable people to see the websites and apps that send us information when they use them, delete this information from their accounts, and turn off our ability to store it associated with their accounts going forward", the company said.

But the social network in some instances sidestepped lawmakers' questions and concerns - omissions that could infuriate some members of Congress who previously criticised Mr Zuckerberg for failing to be responsive.

Delaware Senator Christopher Coons, for example, probed whether Facebook had ever learnt of any application developer "transferring or selling user data without user consent" and in violation of Facebook's policies.

In response, Facebook only committed in writing that it would "investigate all apps that had access to large amounts of data". Repeatedly, Facebook dodged queries from GOP Senator Ted Cruz, who has sought to needle the social giant and its Silicon Valley peers recently over alleged bias against conservative news and views.

Mr Cruz's letter included instructions that spanned more than a page. He posed questions about Facebook's donations to political groups like Planned Parenthood, and even raised some unrelated matters, such as online criticism of Taylor Swift's recent cover of an Earth Wind and Fire - and whether Facebook agreed with those who viewed the performance as "hate speech". In many cases, the company didn't address what Mr Cruz had asked.

Democratic Senator Patrick Leahy asked Facebook to detail if the Obama campaign in 2012 had violated "any of Facebook's policies, and thereby get banned from the platform". Mr Leahy cited reports that Mr Obama's digital team boasted at one point that it had collected data on users as well as their friends, an approach that Facebook had permitted at the time.

Facebook didn't address it in its answers, either. "Both the Obama and Romney campaigns had access to the same tools, and no campaign received any special treatment from Facebook," it wrote.

Facebook in April had promised Congress that it would reply to written questions after Mr Zuckerberg submitted to 10 hours of congressional probing about his company's privacy practices.

Since Facebook's appearance on Capitol Hill, though, the company has found itself further embroiled in political and legal controversy - a series of missteps that heighten the potential that it could face steep fines and other tough penalties from regulators around the world.

Last week, the company confirmed that it had brokered data-sharing agreements with well-known device-makers like Apple, HTC and Samsung, and even some controversial brands, like Huawei, which lawmakers allege has ties to the Chinese government. Facebook has defended its data partnerships, stressing it made it possible for its users to access social services more seamlessly on devices like smartphones. But privacy experts say users may not have been fully aware of the matter.

Then, on Thursday, Facebook acknowledged that 14 million of its users may have been affected by a glitch that set the default settings for all new posts to be public, even if users had indicated they wanted their updates to be private.

In another controversy, first reported by The Wall Street Journal on Friday, Facebook gave major brands such as automaker Nissan access to data about users' friends even after turning off the feature for developers in 2015. WP

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