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Nissan said to push back Renault's renewed efforts to merge

Nissan Motor Co. is opposing renewed efforts by alliance partner Renault SA to merge under a holding company structure, a person with knowledge of the discussions said.

[TOKYO] Nissan Motor Co. is opposing renewed efforts by alliance partner Renault SA to merge under a holding company structure, a person with knowledge of the discussions said.

Talks have been ongoing since Renault Chairman Jean-Dominique Senard first made an informal proposal to Nissan Chief Executive Officer Hiroto Saikawa in April, the person said, asking not to be identified because the discussions aren't public. Nissan rebuffed the idea then and has continued to oppose it, the person said.

News of the talks comes as Nissan is set to report on Tuesday its lowest annual operating profit in a decade, hurt by slumping US sales, aging models and a product cycle that's out of sync. The merger proposal came after the most tumultuous few months in the companies' two-decade partnership, which was shaken by the shock arrest of the alliance's chief architect and former chairman, Carlos Ghosn.

Nissan declined to comment on the discussions. Representatives for Renault didn't immediately respond to requests for comment.

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Japanese broadcaster TBS reported earlier on Monday that Renault had made a formal offer to merge with Nissan under a holding company structure, citing unidentified people. TBS didn't elaborate on what it meant by formal, or when the proposal was made. The Japanese government has also spurned efforts by Renault to engage in merger talks, according to the Financial Times.

No formal proposal has been made to Nissan, according to a person close to Renault. A Nissan representative declined to comment on TBS's report.

Although the French automaker agreed in 2015 not to interfere in the Nissan board's decision-making, the Japanese company's financial weakness could give Renault an opening to push harder for a merger. The combination would give Renault and Nissan heft as the industry is going through a radical shift toward electric and self-driving vehicles.

The proposal revived by Senard calls for a holding-company structure, which would provide for equal ownership and board representation for Renault and Nissan, people familiar with the situation have said. While the aim of such a structure is to gain Nissan's support, Saikawa rejected a request last month by Senard to reconsider a merger, people familiar have said.

The French and Japanese manufacturers, along with third partner Mitsubishi Motors Corp., make 10.8 million cars each year -- nearly double Ford Motor Co.'s global deliveries. The alliance -- currently held together by a series of cross-shareholdings -- would be second only to Germany's Volkswagen AG, with Toyota Motor Corp. a close third.

Auto manufacturers are grappling with investments needed to keep pace in the race to develop self-driving and electric vehicles, while ride-sharing services like Uber Technologies Inc. nip away customers and trade tensions roil markets.

Renault is treading carefully in its relations with Nissan. Their cross-shareholding is governed by an agreement known as Rama, which was last updated in 2015 with extensive governance provisions that have never been made public. Any unilateral move by either Renault or Nissan to tip the balance could trigger an all-out war for control.

Renault owns 43 per cent of Nissan — the bigger partner — which in turn owns 15 per cent of Renault, with no voting rights. The 2015 agreement granted Nissan guarantees preventing Renault from interfering in its governance, a move the Japanese carmaker considered necessary because the French government is Renault's most powerful shareholder.