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VIRUS OUTBREAK

Top China ports start unclogging backlog

Workers return to their posts as virus travel curbs and city lockdowns ease

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China is the world's largest container cargo handler, processing around 30 per cent of global traffic or 715,000 containers a day.

Beijing

CHINA'S top container ports are loosening the cargo backlog on their docks as workers return to their posts after the easing of Covid-19 travel curbs that kept them away and jammed up global supply chains.

The flu-like epidemic, which originated in the city of Wuhan, an inland logistics hub in Hubei province, has killed more that 2,700 and infected over 78,000 in China alone, and caused massive port congestion following labour shortages caused by city lockdowns across the country.

China is the largest container cargo handler, processing around 30 per cent of global traffic or around 715,000 containers a day in 2019. The virus clampdown impacted supply chains of everything from sneakers and machine parts to technology components and food items.

The average wait time for container vessels at Zhoushan in southern China - the third-largest container port in the world by annual handling capacity - spiked to more than 60 hours in the week of Feb 11-17, when travel curbs on workers returning from the prolonged Lunar New Year holiday forced ports to operate with skeleton staffing.

That was 15 hours longer than the week before the holiday, and nearly 20 hours more than the average in early January before the travel restrictions, said the Shanghai International Shipping Institute (SISI) data.

But turnaround times at Zhoushan and other ports are starting to improve as more container-crane operators, customs officers, tugboat pilots and other key logistics links slot back into place.

"The turning point has arrived... We are seeing that port congestion has eased and logistics is starting to revive," said Xu Kai, director of the Shipping Information Research Institute at SISI.

A shortage of truck drivers to ferry containers in and out of the port has caused crucial bottlenecks. The city of Ningbo, which includes Zhoushan, has 24,000 registered container truck drivers, 95 per cent of whom come from other regions, said the Ningbo-Zhoushan port authority.

The port authorities say the city had only 800 truck drivers working as of Feb 12, not enough to handle normal port throughput. After the port authorities offered food, accommodation support and chartered buses for returning drivers, Ningbo reported nearly 7,000 truckers back at work by Feb 21.

Processing rates at Zhoushan surged as a result, with up to 13,235 twenty-foot-equivalent unit (TEU) containers clearing the port on Feb 22, compared to only five TEUs on Feb 16, said SISI.

While processing rates remain well below the port's daily average of just over 75,000 TEUs in 2019, the improved flow is being noticed.

"We have seen much less logistic stress since last week as ports in southern China have resumed operations," said a manager at the port of Yingkou in the north-eastern province of Liaoning.

Some ports have even managed to surpass year-ago processing rates in an effort to clear the backlog. Shanghai's port of Yangshan, the biggest deepwater container port in China, cleared 59,800 TEUs on Feb 20, exceeding the average daily volume in 2019 of 54,200 TEUs, the port said. REUTERS