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Trump Nafta ideas are 'lose-lose-lose' for carmakers: Magna

[NEW YORK] The chief executive of North America's biggest auto supplier warned that overly complex North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) changes could result in a situation that leaves US, Mexican and Canadian manufacturers vulnerable.

If North American car companies "don't have a functional Nafta - if it becomes too complicated, too bureaucratic, too costly that you can't get low-cost, high-labour products into this region - then all of a sudden we have damaged the whole Nafta region," said Magna International chief executive officer Don Walker. "It's going to be a lose-lose-lose."

When the sixth round of talks to update Nafta begins later this month in Montreal, the Trump administration's demand for more regional - and specifically more US - auto content will be on the negotiating table.

Although Canadian and Mexican parties originally balked at the proposal to require vehicles have 85 per cent Nafta-sourced parts with half coming from the US to avoid duties in the region, Mexico's economy minister signalled Tuesday there may be common ground on the goal of strengthening regional content.

Deal or No Deal

The Montreal talks are "crucial because it's the first time we have to send clear signals of where we find possible accommodations," Ildefonso Guajardo told a gathering of Mexican diplomats. For the car industry, "the solution is without a doubt for a strengthened rule of origin in regional automotive content."

But while the Mexican minister signalled optimism, Canada believes there's an increasing likelihood that Mr Trump will give six-months' notice to withdraw from the two-decade-old pact, according to two Canadian government officials who spoke on condition of anonymity.

Canada is said to have begun preparing contingency plans for how to proceed if Mr Trump gives a withdrawal notice, which isn't binding and wouldn't necessarily kill Nafta.

"The question is can they come up with something that all three parties can agree with," Mr Walker said in an interview Tuesday at CES in Las Vegas before news broke that Canadian officials see rising risks of a US exit. "It sounds like it's still an uphill battle."

Magna's Exposure

Magna is among the most protected of Canadian auto-parts manufacturers from a US-specific requirement with about 48 per cent of the Aurora, Ontario-based company's North American plants and equipment located in the US already, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. But it's the top supplier to carmakers including General Motors, Ford Motor, and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, and tightening the rules could make it harder for its customers to compete.

"My belief is Nafta should be an efficient trading unit against Europe, China and the rest of Asia," Mr Walker said. "If we do things internally that drive the cost up and drive us to be less efficient, other regions of the world will look at that and say, 'That was a great outcome because now we're more competitive.' Everyone wants to sell their vehicles under Nafta: It's a huge market."