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Waymo accepts US$245m and Uber's 'regret' to settle self-driving car dispute
[SAN FRANCISCO] Uber Technologies Inc will pay US$245 million worth of its own shares to Alphabet Inc's Waymo self-driving vehicle unit to settle a legal dispute over trade secrets, allowing Uber's new chief executive to move past one of the company's most bruising public controversies.
The settlement was announced on Friday just before the fifth day of testimony was about to begin at a jury trial in San Francisco federal court.
Waymo sued Uber last year, saying that one of its former engineers who became chief of Uber's self-driving car project took with him thousands of confidential documents.
The lawsuit cost Uber precious time in its self-driving car ambitions, a key to its long-term profitability. Uber fired its self-driving chief after Waymo sued, and it is well behind on its plans to deploy fleets of autonomous cars in one of the most lucrative races in Silicon Valley.
The settlement now allows Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi to put another scandal behind the company and move ahead with development of self-driving technology after the tumultuous leadership of the firm by former CEO Travis Kalanick, who testified at the trial on Tuesday and Wednesday.
As part of the deal, Waymo gets a 0.34 per cent stake in Uber, worth about US$245 million based on Uber's current US$72 billion valuation, a Waymo representative said. The settlement also includes an agreement to ensure Waymo confidential information is not being incorporated into Uber technology, which Waymo has said was its main goal in bringing the lawsuit.
In settlement talks last year, Waymo had sought at least US$1 billion from Uber, and wanted an independent monitor to ensure Uber does not use Waymo technology in the future, Reuters reported. Waymo also asked for an apology.
Waymo had agreed earlier this week to a settlement proposal valued at US$500 million, but Uber's board rejected those terms on Tuesday, two sources familiar with the negotiations said. By late Thursday, Waymo had agreed to the US$245 million deal, one of the sources said.
Mr Khosrowshahi expressed "regret" for the company's actions in a statement on Friday.
"While we do not believe that any trade secrets made their way from Waymo to Uber, nor do we believe that Uber has used any of Waymo's proprietary information in its self-driving technology, we are taking steps with Waymo to ensure our Lidar and software represents just our good work," Mr Khosrowshahi said in a statement.
Neither company offered details on what those steps will entail. Shares of Alphabet rose about 1.4 per cent on Friday.
Elizabeth Rowe, a professor at the University of Florida Levin College of Law, analyzed about 150 trade secret verdicts through 2014 and said US$245 million would rank as second highest. Given that landscape, along with the fact that Alphabet CEO Larry Page could have had to testify next week, the settlement makes sense for Waymo, she said.
"Their risks would have gone up on many levels," Ms Rowe said.
Waymo's lawsuit said that Anthony Levandowski, the self-driving car chief Uber eventually fired, downloaded more than 14,000 confidential files containing designs for autonomous vehicles in December 2015 before he went on to work at Uber in 2016.
The US Department of Justice is conducting a separate, criminal investigation into the trade secrets. Mr Levandowski has never publicly addressed the allegations of taking the documents and law enforcement has not charged anyone with their theft. Mr Levandowski was not a defendant in the case.
SERIES OF PROBLEMS AT UBER
The Waymo lawsuit was the most pressing legal battle for Uber but only one item in a long list of controversies that have dogged the company for the last year.
Public accusations of sexual harassment and a toxic workplace prompted an internal investigation at Uber that resulted in more than 20 people being fired, while the company faces multiple federal criminal probes. The company has also experienced turmoil at the top with the ousting of Mr Kalanick in June and a bitter board dispute.
Uber planned to have self-driving cars in 20 cities by the end of 2018, 50 cities by 2019 and 150 cities by 2020, according to documents shown in court. It is far from achieving those ambitions.
Uber now has small pilots in Tempe, Arizona and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Its has acquired a California permit but still does not have self-driving cars transporting passengers there.
The settlement increases Alphabet's stake in Uber from an initial investment of US$258 million in 2013, which was at the time Uber's largest fundraising round.
Uber has gone on to raise more than US$14 billion in new funding and last month closed a deal with SoftBank Group Corp, in which the Japanese conglomerate, along with other investors, took about a 17.5 per cent stake in the company. SoftBank bought the majority of its stake at about a 30 per cent discount off of Uber's valuation.
The deal was an opportunity for early investors and employees to cash in their shares and gave lossmaking Uber a much-needed financial boost.
Autonomous cars offer a multi-billion-dollar opportunity to remake urban transportation systems, and companies including Apple Inc, General Motors Co and scores of startups are competing to develop the technology.
To prevail at trial, Waymo had to prove not only that Uber acquired Waymo's trade secrets, but that it also used them in its own technology. In four days of testimony, however, Waymo had presented little public evidence that Uber actually used Waymo's trade secrets.
During Mr Kalanick's second day of trial testimony, Waymo sought to portray him as so eager to improve Uber's lagging autonomous car business that he did a deal with Mr Levandowski without properly assessing the risks.
Mr Kalanick appeared subdued in front of jurors, but he returned to his famously pugnacious style in a statement on Friday, saying Uber's sole objective was to hire the most talented scientists and engineers.
"Had the trial proceeded to its conclusion, it is clear Uber would have prevailed," Mr Kalanick said.