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First project bond since 2000 bodes well for Asia's debt market
THE Asean bond market is developing nicely, buoyed by the increasing sophistication of Asian investors and growing demand from global investors.
Early this month, global investors gave a strong reception to a project finance bond sold by an independent power producer in Indonesia; and since April, two Singapore corporates have issued the nation's first green bonds.
Indonesia's second largest independent power producer, PT Paiton Energy, took in US$9 billion in orders for its US$2 billion two-tranche issue.
The bonds comprised US$1.2 billion 13-year notes and US$800 million 20-year notes.
The deal was notable for being the first investment-grade bond, and the largest rated amortising international bond for an infrastructure project in Asia since 2000.
The amortising feature means that some of the principal is paid along with the coupon, unlike for a conventional bond, where the principal is repaid only at maturity.
Ray Tay, Moody's vice-president and senior credit officer, said the amortising feature is seen more in developed markets such as the US; the long term tenor project bond has thus far been absent in Asia.
"It's a deeply positive development, not just for the financial markets, but key for this region and the asset class," he said, describing the Paiton deal as a "beachhead".
HSBC and Barclays were the joint global coordinators for the transaction.
A HSBC spokesman said: "The depth of demand for the deal was exceptional, given that this is the first public project bond transaction to be sold in the markets since before 2000, and proves investors will buy long-dated amortising structures, which is a significant step forward for the Asian capital markets."
Paiton's successful debut augurs well for the region's massive infrastructural projects, which will require diversified sources of funding.
The Asian Development Bank has estimated that Asia will need to invest about US$1.7 trillion a year in infrastructure between 2016 and 2030, representing 5.9 per cent of the region's projected gross domestic product.
Terry Fanous, Moody's managing director for project and infrastructure finance in the Asia-Pacific, said: "This debt issuance marks the return of Asian project bonds raised in the offshore debt capital markets after many years of absence.
"So far, project finance in Asia has been predominantly provided by banks, which will continue to play a key role in this sector over the foreseeable future, but a broader approach will help raise private sector-debt capacity."
Clifford Lee, DBS Bank's head of fixed income, agreed, saying that there will be more such long-term project bonds as bank lending - still the dominant funding source in Asia - becomes more costly.
"There will be a convergence of loans to bonds as banks face capital cost pressures."
Asian investors are more active in USD-denominated issues, he added, but noted that they accounted for almost half the investors in the Paiton issue.
"Asian investors are stepping up and getting more sophisticated," he said.
Vedanta, an Indian commodity company, allocated to Asian investors 30 per cent of its latest US$1 billion seven-year deal, up from the 22 per cent in a January sale - also for a US$1 billion deal - which had a shorter five-year tenor.
Vedanta has been marketing mainly in the US and Europe, but DBS convinced it to do more in Asia, said Mr Lee.
In the year to date, Asia, excluding Japan G3 issuances, has hit US$202 billion, which nearly equals the US$205 billion done for the whole of last year. (G3 refers to bonds issued in USD, euro and yen.)
The green bonds issued by Singapore corporates are a rarity in Asean; China and India have led green bond activity in Asia.
In April, CDL Properties kickstarted the development of a green bond market in Singapore, raising S$100 million from the first domestic deal.
Last month, DBS became the first Singapore corporate to tap the international markets for its US$500 million five-year green bond.
Mr Lee said that this bond, which attracted US$2 billion in orders, was in USD because the bank wanted to appeal to green-fund investors, who are more internationally based.
"It gave us the broadest reach in terms of investors, and we wanted also to draw in new green investors," he said.
Green bonds are not going to be an easy sell, he said. The question potential issuers have asked is: "Is it going to be cheaper?"
A green bond will neither be more expensive nor more onerous in terms of compliance - not when the issue is some US$500 million, but the point of issuing it is to protect the environment and to be socially responsible, he said.
"The environment affects all of us," he said; he added that such bonds are not a one-off occurrence, and that more are likely to follow.