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[JOHANNESBURG] Gabon and Olam International Ltd are trying to persuade young people to take up farming in a nation that faces dwindling crude revenue and imports almost all of its food.
As part of a government plan to develop cash crops, Singapore-based Olam offers to send aspiring Gabonese farmers on training courses in countries ranging from Morocco to Malaysia.
"We need to foster the development of an agro-industry here," Gagan Gupta, country head at the company's Gabon unit, said in a phone interview. "It's about creating human capital."
At least 2,500 people will be able to observe cocoa farming in Ivory Coast, train as bulldozer operators in Morocco or learn modern farming techniques at a palm-oil plantation in Asia, Gupta said by phone from the capital, Libreville. Olam has partnered with Gabon to develop 100,000 hectares (247,000 acres) of oil-palm plantations in the nation, which has a population of less than 2 million.
Large-scale investments in the agricultural sector, especially in cash crops such as palm oil and rubber, may reverse Gabon's slowdown in growth, according to the International Monetary Fund. Economic growth is expected to be about 3.2 per cent this year, from 4 per cent in 2015, because of declining crude production, the Washington-based lender said.
President Ali Bongo, 57, who will run for a second term in August, has said he wants to boost agricultural output to as much as 20 per cent of gross domestic product by 2020, from about 5 per cent at present. Under the government's agriculture program, which began in 2014 and is known as Graine, people who complete a training course or are seen as eligible to farm can obtain land titles in less than a year. Graine is meant to "turn farmers into entrepreneurs," Mr Gupta said.
Oil accounts for 85 per cent of Gabon's exports and about 50 per cent of revenue, according to the government. Output peaked at 370,000 barrels a day in 1997, after which it gradually declined to about 215,000 barrels daily last year. An oil producer since 1957, Gabon has Africa's lowest population density and few paved roads, with its second-biggest city and economic hub, Port-Gentil, only accessible by air. Most people lost interest in agriculture as they migrated from rural to urban areas, Gupta said.
The government has also fast-tracked the process of issuing land titles to cooperatives and individuals to boost agriculture, Mr Gupta said. About 4,000 people have registered for the program in the hope of obtaining land, he said.
Olam is currently developing 50,000 hectares of arable land into an industrial oil-palm plantation in northern Gabon, according to Gupta. Once the farm is completed, an additional 30,000 hectares will be laid out for small-scale palm-oil growers.