[HONG KONG] Macau's gaming promoters are betting they can make money bringing high rollers to casinos in Southeast Asia and other tropical destinations as increased government control crimps casino revenue in the world's biggest gambling centre.
Imperial Pacific International Holdings's said it will invest US$7.1 billion through 2020 to expand its casino presence on the island of Saipan in the western Pacific Ocean and will debut a permanent casino there early next year. Melco International Development is exploring a casino business in Vietnam, said Andy Choy, the company's chief gaming officer on the sidelines of a casino conference in Macau.
"Junkets are diversifying from Macau," said Shen Yan, Hong Kong-based Imperial's president of global capital markets.
"The junket business in Macau has been really difficult because of the shrinking margin. It's natural for these people to go abroad and take their customers to locations where clients want to go to and junkets can make money."
Gaming promoters, also known as junkets, were dealt another blow this month when the Macau government banned phone betting, as tightened regulations called for stricter accounting transparency.
Macau's US$30 billion gaming industry has seen revenue declines for nearly two years amid China's slowing economy and anti-corruption campaign.
Junket Law Imperial Pacific shares dropped 2 per cent at 11.26am in Hong Kong trading Wednesday while Melco International fell 1.7 per cent.
Macau plans to raise capital requirements for junkets and is preparing to set up a credit database to help weed out risky gamblers, the government said this month as part of an interim review of the gaming industry.
Macau's VIP revenue, as measured by their favourite baccarat card game, was worth US$16 billion last year, after plunging by 40 per cent from 2014.
The middlemen, who loan money to high-end clients to gamble, have quickly moved business to countries such as the Philippines and Vietnam where phone betting is allowed after Macau's sudden ban, said Tony Tong, vice chairman of the Macau Gaming Information Association.
Operators are looking abroad for destinations with stable governments and favourable tax structures and policies for gaming, Mr Tong said at a gaming conference in Macau Tuesday.
Imperial Pacific' stemporary casino on Saipan, which opened last November, has delivered better-than-expected revenue, according to Mr Yan.
A junket law has been approved on the island earlier this year, and he expects gaming promoters can bring more big gamblers to the tropical island.
Meanwhile, Melco International, the biggest shareholder of Macau-based casino operator Melco Crown Entertainment, is looking at Vietnam and other destinations for its expansion, said Mr Choy.
Melco Crown already operates a casino resort in the Philippines.
Junket promoters such as Suncity Group and Jimei International Entertainment Group are now attracting Chinese high rollers to the gaming tables and crystal blue waters of Vietnam, Cambodia and other Southeast Asian gaming attractions. The fun tourist activities, along with gambling, have become a draw for VIP gamblers, said Mr Tong.
"Many leading junkets in Macau are looking for ways that they can make money by capitalising on their existing customer base," Mr Tong said.