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Battle inside Opec eases as Saudi oil strategy finally pays off
[LONDON] Saudi Arabia has been fighting with fellow Opec members since the oil rout started two years ago. For the first time next week, it can argue convincingly that its strategy of squeezing rival producers is succeeding.
By stifling high-cost suppliers, the Saudi approach has now almost eradicated the global oversupply, spurring a price rally of 80 per cent to above US$50 since January. All but one of 27 analysts surveyed by Bloomberg said the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries will stick with the strategy rather than set output limits when ministers gather in Vienna on June 2.
"It might not look a victory compared with when oil was US$100 a barrel, but the Saudi strategy is working as you've got significant production declines showing up in a lot of places, and prices are grinding higher," said Seth Kleinman, head of energy research at Citigroup Inc. "Which makes the odds of them abandoning the plan even more remote."
Lower prices have taken their toll on production from the US to Nigeria. Analysts from the International Energy Agency to Goldman Sachs Group Inc say the crude glut is dissipating as supply and demand move back into balance. That shift may mean a less contentious meeting than the last gathering in December, which ended with public criticism of Saudi Arabia's position from fellow members Venezuela and Iran.
Oil production outside Opec is headed this year for its biggest drop since 1992 as the US shale-oil boom that fostered the world surplus sputters out, the Paris-based IEA forecasts. US output has fallen for 11 weeks to its lowest since September 2014, and will average 8.5 per cent lower this year than 2015, the Energy Information Administration estimates.
Kuwait's acting oil minister Anas Al-Saleh, said on May 18 that Opec's policy "has been working well."
Any action that raises prices would only rescue US drillers and jeopardize the return to equilibrium, said Mike Wittner, head of oil market research at Societe Generale SA in New York.
"The Saudis might be concerned that if prices go a little higher and sustain it, that could nip the re-balancing in the bud just when it's getting going," said Mr Wittner. "I don't know they have a whole lot of incentive to particularly do anything."
While the economies of Opec members such as Venezuela and Nigeria remain under strain, they are probably resigned to the course set by Riyadh, said Jason Bordoff, director of the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University in New York.
"Countries like Venezuela have been pushing Opec for over a year now to do something to get the prices up," said Mr Bordoff. "They probably recognize that that's a futile effort at this point. The Saudi strategy of allowing low prices to do the work of low prices is working."
The chances of reaching any supply agreement look especially dim after Opec failed to complete an accord with Russia and other non-members on freezing supply levels in Doha last month, according to Daniel Yergin, vice chairman of consultant IHS Inc. The deal collapsed at the last minute when Saudi Arabia's Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman insisted that political adversary Iran, which had ruled out participating, would need to join.
"The clash between Iran and Saudi Arabia makes it very difficult for Opec to do anything," Mr Yergin said in a Bloomberg television interview. "It's pretty hard to have any deal at this point."
Iran - a key advocate of output restraint in previous years - is unlikely to push for a new group limit as it remains focused on restoring exports previously constrained by sanctions, Societe Generale's Wittner said.
The only analyst surveyed who predicted an agreement, Phil Flynn at Price Futures Group Inc in Chicago, expects the group to follow up on the aborted Doha initiative by deciding to "freeze" production at current levels.
Opec's previous ministerial meeting in December ended without any agreement on a group output ceiling, abandoning the target of 30 million barrels a day that the organization had held - and mostly ignored - since late 2011.
While prices collapsed after that gathering amid Opec's inaction, just as they had when the approach was first revealed in November 2014, the response will probably be subdued this time as the market has accepted the laissez-faire policy is here to stay, said Harry Tchilinguirian, head of commodity markets strategy at BNP Paribas SA in London.
The Vienna meeting will be the first opportunity to assess the stance of new Saudi Energy Minister Khalid Al-Falih, appointed this month when Ali al-Naimi stepped down after two decades, according to Tchilinguirian. Al-Falih is close to Prince Mohammed, who's plan to partly privatize the state oil company has sparked speculation it may further expand production capacity and market share, severing its ties to Opec.
That change in Saudi leadership means the meeting will still be "pivotal for the cartel and its future," said Mr Tchilinguirian.