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Ecuador ordered to pay US$1b to US oil firm Oxy
[QUITO] Ecuador said Monday a World Bank arbitration panel has ordered it to pay US$1 billion to US oil firm Occidental Petroleum for cancelling a contract.
Occidental sued Ecuador for US$3.37 billion in May 2006, the day after the South American country announced the cancellation of a contract granting it the right to extract 100,000 barrels of oil a day from the Amazon basin - about 20 per cent of Ecuador's output.
The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) initially ordered Ecuador to pay the company, known as Oxy, US$1.77 billion plus interest in a 2012 ruling.
Ecuador's leftist President Rafael Correa, an economist by training, sought to have the ruling annulled.
Announcing the new ruling, he welcomed the decision to decrease the damages but condemned the lawsuit.
"Another attack on our sovereignty!" he wrote on Twitter.
"We managed to invalidate 40 per cent of the original ruling, that is, US$700 million less. But they are still ordering us to pay US$1 billion." He vowed to continue negotiating with the company to further reduce the payout, which amounts to 3.3 per cent of Ecuador's national budget for 2016.
The ICSID, a branch of the World Bank, has yet to publish its ruling.
Ecuador says it was within its rights to cancel the contract because Oxy sold a 40-per cent stake in the company to Canadian firm Encana in 2000 without its authorisation.
Oxy says Ecuador violated a bilateral investment treaty with the United States.
The ruling adds to the budget woes facing Ecuador, the smallest member of oil cartel Opec, amid falling crude prices and a depreciating currency.