[ZURICH] Swiss mining giant Glencore on Wednesday reported a first-half loss of US$676 million (S$948 million), a performance hit by what the company called the worst commodities market since the financial crash of 2008-2009.
In the first half of 2014, Glencore recorded profits of US$1.7 billion.
Its shares have fallen by 40 per cent this year, a plunge that has been driven in part by growing fears about a slowdown in China - the world's top commodities consumer.
But Glencore's record has also been dampened by an impairment of its recently acquired oil operation in Chad as well as bankruptcy proceedings at its Optimum Coal mine in South Africa.
"The first half of 2015 was another challenging one for commodities," Glencore said in a statement. "Commodity prices are now at levels not seen since the financial crisis of 2008/2009."
Billionaire CEO Ivan Glasenberg however said the company was "well positioned to benefit from any improvement in pricing when it finally and inevitably materialises." Setting aside exceptional developments, including the impairment in Chad, Glencore posted a first-half profit of US$882 million.
That figure marked a 56 per cent decline compared with the same time period last year.
"We have taken a range of actions in respect of our balance sheet, operations and capital spending," Glasenberg said, adding that the company was committed to preserving its credit rating and payouts to shareholders.
The firm last week announced its second cut in projected spending for 2015, lowering the figure to US$6.0 billion, after an initial projection of US$7.9 billion announced in December.
Glencore's large trading unit also saw a 29 per cent decline in profits compared to the first half of 2014, bringing in US$1.1 billion in profits, excluding exceptional events.
The company's "trading arm had previously been viewed as a way of hedging their exposure to a fall in commodity prices, but has also contributed to poor results," said Rebecca O'Keeffe, head of investment at Stockbroker - Interactive Investor.
Glencore purchased its oil business in Chad only last year, but low crude prices led to it being devalued by US$790 million dollars, the company said last week.
Bankruptcy proceedings have begun at its Optimum Coal operation in South Africa, with Glencore citing "unsustainable financial hardship" in its relationship with the state power generator Eskom, which Optimum had supplied.
After Glencore announced hundreds of job losses in South Africa last month, Pretoria immediately sought to negotiate a solution.
Glencore on Wednesday said "there is a reasonable prospect of rescuing Optimum," if the supply agreement with Eskom can be renegotiated.
The company's stocks had fallen six per cent to 165.50 pounds in early trading on the London exchange.