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Schlumberger cuts 9,000 jobs as oil slump brings uncertainty
[HOUSTON] Schlumberger Ltd, the world's biggest oilfield-services company, tackled the "uncertain environment" of plummeting crude prices head-on by cutting about 9,000 jobs and reducing costs.
Anticipating lower spending by customers this year, Schlumberger is decreasing its workforce by 7.1 per cent and seeking to lower operating costs at a unit that helps producers find oil and natural gas, the Houston- and Paris-based company said in an earnings report on Thursday.
Coping with oil prices near 5 1/2-year lows, energy producers are expected to cut spending in the US by as much as 35 per cent in 2015, according to Cowen & Co. The number of rigs drilling on US land could fall by as much as 750 this year, Wells Fargo & Co said in a Jan 14 note, reducing the total by more than 40 per cent.
The coming year "is looking like it's gonna be pretty rough," Rob Desai, an analyst at Edward Jones in St. Louis who rates the shares a buy and owns none, said in a phone interview.
"With the potential for this to last some time, it's in the best interest of the company to attack it aggressively."
Schlumberger sees an opportunity to increase its market share after two rivals, Baker Hughes Inc. and Halliburton Co, agreed to merge last year in a US$34.6 billion deal. Chief Executive Officer Paal Kibsgaard told investors on a Friday conference call the company would pursue "other opportunities we have on our list" if the drop in commodity prices makes bigger acquisitions more attractive.
The stock, which has 35 buy and nine hold recommendations from analysts, gained 3.5 per cent to US$79.33 at 9:51am in New York, the biggest increase in four weeks. The company boosted its quarterly dividend 25 per cent.
"In this uncertain environment, we continue to focus on what we can control," Mr Kibsgaard said in the statement. "We have already taken a number of actions to restructure and resize our organization."
The company, which had doubled its workforce in the past 10 years, took a US$1.77 billion one-time charge associated with the job cuts and restructuring of its seismic unit as well as the devaluation of Venezuela's currency and a lower value for production assets it owns in Texas. Net income for the fourth quarter dropped to US$302 million, or 23 cents a share, from US$1.66 billion, or US$1.26, a year earlier.
"Our market share has been limited by glass ceilings," Mr Kibsgaard said. "This glass ceiling has been put in place by customers to make sure that there is enough work to make a third player viable. If the other two players were to combine into one, then I think this glass ceiling can easily be broken."
Shares in oilfield-services companies, which help customers find and produce oil and natural gas, were the first to fall as crude prices declined. Service companies in the Standard & Poor's Index dropped 20 per cent in the fourth quarter, more than the 18 per cent decline for producers.
Exploration and production spending globally is expected to drop 17 per cent to US$571 billion, Jim Crandell, an analyst at Cowen, wrote in a Jan 7 research note. Schlumberger has the smallest exposure to North America compared with peers, generating a dollar of sales in the region for every US$3 globally.
With oil prices failing to stabilize, some producers are waiting to announce plans for 2015, making first-quarter earnings estimates for Schlumberger "still a bit of a guess," said Stephen Gengaro, an analyst at Sterne Agee & Leach Inc in New York who rates the company a buy and doesn't own the shares.
Less than half of the 150 oil and gas companies it monitors have reported spending plans for the year, Norman MacDonald, a portfolio manager for Invesco Ltd, said in an interview. MacDonald, who manages the US$990 million Invesco Energy Fund, said he's never seen this many companies wait so long to announce their budgets.
Excluding one-time items, Schlumberger earned US$1.50 a share in the fourth quarter, beating the average of 34 analysts' estimates compiled by Bloomberg. Sales fell short of estimates.