[LONDON] UK Prime Minister Theresa May expressed doubts about key promises made by those members of her Cabinet who campaigned for Britain to leave the European Union, including a points-based immigration system and leaving the single market.
Speaking to journalists as she traveled to China for the Group of 20 summit, Ms May was dismissive of the immigration proposals made by Boris Johnson, now foreign secretary, in the run-up to the June 23 Brexit referendum.
He had called for a "points-based" system, allowing people to move to the UK if they have sufficient qualifications or skills in demand.
"You really don't want to ask a former home secretary about the intricacies of a points-based system because it might take a very long time to answer your question," Ms May said.
"One of the issues is whether or not points-based systems do work."
Mr Johnson was the front man for a campaign that also promised to increase spending on the state-funded National Health Service by £18 billion (S$32.5 billion) a year, cut taxes on energy bills and take Britain out of the EU's single market.
Ms May, who campaigned on the other side in the referendum, refused to endorse any of those commitments this weekend.
Her only stated negotiating position is to introduce "controls" on how many EU citizens can settle in Britain. That statement, reiterated on Sunday, has been taken to mean that she no longer expects the UK to stay in the single market as EU leaders say full access is not possible without full freedom of movement. Ms May took issue with that interpretation.
"I'm going out there to get the best possible deal," she told reporters. "What we will be looking for is the deal that's right for the United Kingdom, which is why I say don't look at a model and say - well if you do this you can't do that. We're going to go out, be ambitious and we're going to achieve for the UK."
A points-based system was also supported by Trade Secretary Liam Fox, Brexit Secretary David Davis, International Development Secretary Priti Patel and Transport Secretary Chris Grayling. "People voted, I think, for control," she said.
"What they wanted to see was control of the freedom of movement of the European Union countries into the United Kingdom."
Ms May warned there were "difficult times ahead" for the UK economy in the wake of the decision to quit the EU. "I won't pretend it's all going to be plain sailing," she said.
Recent data had sent "different messages" about how the economy was responding, but businesses she had spoken to had told her "let's get on with it, let's make a success of it."
She said she saw a role for Britain as a global champion of free trade that delivers benefits for everyone.
Ms May got an early taste of the difficulties to come after her first one-on-one G-20 meeting, with Barack Obama. The US president told reporters he stood by his warning earlier this year that a trade deal with the UK wasn't high on his government's list of priorities.
"I never suggested that we will, quote unquote, punish Britain," he said in response to a question from a UK journalist. "I was asked about the viability of negotiating a separate trade deal between the US and the UK."
He said the US was focused on its trans-Pacific and trans-Atlantic trade deals and "it would not make sense for us to put those efforts aside."
Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs has published a 15-page document setting out the concerns businesses in that country have about Brexit, warning that the head offices of Japanese firms in the UK could be shifted to the continent if EU regulations no longer applied.
"In light of the fact that a number of Japanese businesses, invited by the government in some cases, have invested actively to the UK, which was seen to be a gateway to Europe, and have established value-chains across Europe, we strongly request that the UK will consider this fact seriously and respond in a responsible manner to minimise any harmful effects on these businesses," it said.
Ms May has dismissed the idea of a second referendum, a demand that has gathered more than 4 million online signatures in a petition to be debated in Parliament on Monday. In a BBC Television interview recorded before she left for the summit, the prime minister confirmed that the formal process for exiting the EU will not be triggered this year, but pledged it would not be "kicked into the long grass."
She also ruled out a general election in the UK before 2020, saying a "period of stability" is needed following the June Brexitreferendum.
In China, Ms May also held one-to-one talks with Russia's Vladimir Putin. She's due to meet Narendra Modi from India on Monday, but her toughest conversation is likely to be with Chinese President Xi Jinping.
She said she's still making up her mind about whether to let the Chinese-backed Hinkley Point nuclear power station proceed. According to the Telegraph newspaper, she'll also meet Australia's Malcolm Turnbull to shape the broad outline of a free trade agreement, Britain's first new deal since the Brexit vote.
The plant would be built in Britain by Electricite de France SA and one-third funded by China General Nuclear Power Corp. Some in her team have expressed security concerns. Asked if she trusted the Chinese, Ms May replied, "of course we have a relationship with them and we have seen significant Chinese investment. What I want to do is build on that relationship." She said her intended silence on the subject in China should not be taken as a sign she was against the project.
"This is the way that I operate," she said. "I don't just come in and say I'm going to take the decision, I actually look at the evidence, weigh up the evidence, take the advice, consider that and then come to my decision. That's exactly the process I'm going through. I've said a decision will be taken in September and it will. It's not to be taken now, it will be taken later."