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[BEIJING] A private Chinese manufacturing gauge fell to the lowest in 6 1/2 years, underscoring challenges facing the nation's factories as the economy's old growth engines splutter.
The preliminary Purchasing Managers' Index from Caixin Media and Markit Economics was at 47.0 for September, missing the median estimate of 47.5 in a Bloomberg survey and below the final reading of 47.3 in the previous month. Readings remained below 50 since March, indicating contraction.
Premier Li Keqiang's expansion target of about 7 per cent for this year is being challenged by a slowdown in the nation's old growth drivers of manufacturing and property investment. While services and consumption are holding up better, the factory slowdown and weakness in external demand may spur the need for additional government efforts to boost the world's second- largest economy.
"Growth is losing momentum despite a fast-growing service sector," analysts at Barclays Plc in Hong Kong led by Chang Jian wrote in a report ahead of the data. "We continue to look for more fiscal and monetary easing to support growth but we don't expect that to change the economy's structural softening trend." Readings of output, new orders and employment all declined at a faster rate, according to the survey.
Chinese President Xi Jinping said the nation's reforms won't be derailed by signs of economic weakness, and that the government is stepping up efforts to transform its model for growth.
"China has the capacity and is in the position to maintain a medium-high growth in the years to come," Mr Xi told the Wall Street Journal, according to a written response to questions published Tuesday ahead of his first state-visit to the US. "The Chinese economy is still operating within the proper range." Alternative indicators, such as data culled from China's most- used search engine, biggest online outlet and main bank-card network, are signaling stabilisation in the nation's economy.