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French parliament scraps planned extra tax on palm oil
[PARIS] France's National Assembly on Wednesday scrapped plans for an additional tax on palm oil, which had raised an outcry in major producing countries, after the government said it would propose a new tax scheme for vegetable oils used in food.
The world's two largest palm oil producers, Indonesia and Malaysia, had said the tax, which aimed at encouraging the sector to reduce the environmental damage palm oil plantations can cause, was discriminatory and against international trade rules.
The government proposed a last-minute amendment, which states the State will put forward a new scheme within six months after the law's promulgation this summer, to harmonise taxes on vegetable oils and include a tax exemption for sustainable oils based on "objective criteria".
Palm oil is one of the less taxed vegetable oils in France.
The main reason for the government's move was a legal uncertainty around the initial tax which was focusing only one type of vegetable oil and containing a tax exemption based on sustainability criteria that were not clearly identified, France's Secretary of State Barbara Pompili told Parliament.
"There is no question to stigmatise one or another country, we are here to find long-term rules that favour sustainable development by helping as much as we can to certify sectors from other countries," she told the National Assembly.
France's initial proposal for an additional tax on palm oil in food had been softened by the National Assembly in March by excluding sustainable palm oil and sharply reducing the amount of the levy.
But the biodiversity bill did not pass through the Senate, forcing the two assemblies to find an agreement. The meeting ended in a deadlock.
The re-introduction of the tax in the biodiversity bill last week prompted a vehement reaction from Malaysian producers.
In a statement they claimed the tax was a violation of World Trade Organisation and EU trade rules, that it would contribute to putting 300,000 small farmers out of work and would have a negative impact on relations between France and Malaysia.
This is not the first attempt by French lawmakers to impose a tax on palm oil which campaigners say contributes to deforestation and impacts biodiversity. The first one, in 2012, suggested to quadruple the tax on palm oil.
Previous ones failed mainly due to strong lobbying from producing countries.