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[PARIS] French investigators believe the man who launched a machete attack outside the Louvre in Paris, before being shot and wounded by a soldier, is a 29-year-old Egyptian who entered the country on a tourist visa.
The incident has thrust security and the terror threat back into the limelight three months before elections in France, with authorities saying it was a "terrorist" assault.
The attacker, in a black t-shirt bearing a skull design and armed with two 40cm machetes, lunged at four patrolling French soldiers while shouting "Allahu Akbar" ("God is greatest"), Paris prosecutor Francois Molins told a press conference.
One of the troops was struck on the head and another fell to the ground outside the famous Paris museum after the assailant attacked. The second soldier managed to open fire and hit the machete-wielder in the stomach.
"The attacker fell to the ground, seriously wounded. He has been taken to hospital and is fighting for his life," the prosecutor said.
A source later said that the suspect's condition had stabilised. Security forces said one soldier had suffered a minor head wound.
Police held hundreds of tourists in secure areas of the world famous attraction after the assailant was shot five times around 10.00am (0900 GMT) in a public area near one of the museum's entrances.
The attacker who is thought to live in the United Arab Emirates, is believed to have entered France legally on a flight from Dubai on January 26, a source said.
An Egyptian passport, thought to be the suspect's, was found during a search of an apartment in an expensive district of Paris near the Champs-Elysees.
The UAE government condemned the "hateful crime" and assured France of its "full solidarity".
As French authorities probed the attacker's background, President Francois Hollande said that "there is little doubt as to the terrorist nature of this act," an assessment echoed by Prime Minister Bernard Cazeneuve.
France was already still reeling from a string of terror attacks over the last two years and the country has been under a state of emergency since November 2015.
The economy, immigration and security are major issues for voters ahead of presidential and parliamentary elections forecast to confirm the country's shift right after five years of Socialist rule.
US President Donald Trump tweeted that a "new radical Islamic terrorist has just attacked in Louvre Museum in Paris. Tourists were locked down. France on edge again. GET SMART US."
Witnesses described scenes of panic as people fled the Louvre complex following the incident.
"We heard gunshots. We didn't know what it was about. Then we evacuated the employees and we left," one man who works in a nearby restaurant told AFP.
A woman colleague said: "We saw death coming for us, with everything that's happening at the moment. We were very, very scared." The Louvre closed following the attack - but will re-open on Saturday.
Paris' lucrative tourism industry has been a major casualty of the terror attacks, with visitors cancelling or shortening their stays.
The Louvre, a former royal palace in the heart of the city, has seen annual visitor numbers fall by some two million since 2015 to 7.3 million after the spate of recent attacks across France hit its claim to be the world's most visited museum.
The series of terror attacks in France began in January 2015 when jihadist gunmen rampaged through the Charlie Hebdo satirical newspaper and a Jewish supermarket, leaving 17 people dead in three days of bloodshed.
Ten months later, gunmen and suicide bombers from the Islamic State jihadist group attacked bars, restaurants, a concert hall and the national stadium in Paris, killing 130 people.
And last July, a Tunisian extremist rammed a lorry through crowds celebrating Bastille Day in Nice on France's south coast, crushing 86 people to death.
Security has been a key campaign theme ahead of the presidential election in April and May, which a parliamentary election will follow in June.
Rightwing candidate Francois Fillon, whose tough line on immigration and Islam made him an early poll favourite, has been ensnared in a damaging parliamentary expenses scandal in recent days.
Anti-immigrant far-right leader Marine Le Pen is hoping for a boost from the furore and Mr Trump's election, while 39-year-old centrist independent Emmanuel Macron is also climbing in the polls.
Friday's incident came on the very day that Paris submitted its formal bid dossier to host the 2024 Summer Olympics.