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Pending sales of US existing homes increase by most in a year

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[WASHINGTON] Contracts to purchase previously owned homes rebounded more than forecast in February as sales picked up in most of the US, a good sign as the spring-selling season approaches.

[WASHINGTON] Contracts to purchase previously owned homes rebounded more than forecast in February as sales picked up in most of the US, a good sign as the spring-selling season approaches.

The pending home sales index climbed 3.5 per cent, the biggest gain in a year, after a 3 per cent decrease a month earlier that was larger than initially reported, the Washington- based National Association of Realtors said Monday. The median projection in a Bloomberg survey of economists called for a 1.2 per cent increase.

Americans, emboldened by better employment prospects and fewer firings, are finding it easier to buy a home, aided further by borrowing costs that remain near historical lows. Improving demand may encourage current owners to put their properties on the market, which would help expand inventories and provide an additional lift to the industry.

"The key for sustained momentum and more sales than last spring is a continuous stream of new listings quickly replacing what's being scooped up by a growing pool of buyers," NAR chief economist Lawrence Yun said in a statement. "Without adequate supply, sales will likely plateau."

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Estimates in the Bloomberg survey of 29 economists ranged from a decline of 2.6 per cent to an advance of 2.5 per cent. The Realtors' group revised the January data from an initially reported 2.5 per cent slump.

Three of four regions showed an increase in contract signings from a month earlier, led by an 11.4 per cent jump in the Midwest. Contract signings also climbed 2.1 per cent in the South and 0.7 per cent in the West. They dropped 0.2 per cent in the Northeast.

Purchases rose 5.1 per cent in February from the previous year on an unadjusted basis, after a 1.5 per cent decrease in the 12 months that ended in January, the Realtors' group reported.

The pending home sales index was 109.1 on a seasonally- adjusted basis, the strongest since July. A reading of 100 corresponds with the average level of contract activity in 2001, or "historically healthy" home-buying traffic, according to the NAR.

Economists consider pending sales a leading indicator because they track when purchase contracts are signed. Existing- home sales are tabulated when a contract closes, usually a month or two later.

Figures released by NAR last week sales of those homes dropped more than forecast in February, falling 7.1 per cent to a three-month low 5.08 million annual rate. Yun said then that the slump may be a sign prospective buyers are beginning to show resistance to higher prices, and that fewer renters were interested in buying, citing affordability issues.

Also bridling housing's progress is the tight inventory of available homes, which is reducing both selection and pushing prices out of reach for some would-be buyers. Builders have also cited difficulties in finding viable lots and construction workers as the recovery progresses.

Still, many economists remain positive on housing, with construction still trailing what's needed to keep up with population growth. At the same time, household formation is showing signs of improvement as the labour market gives Americans the confidence and the means for younger people to strike out on their own.



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