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Polls open in Georgia knife-edge parliamentary vote
[TBILISI, Georgia] Georgians began voting Saturday in bitterly contested parliamentary polls that have sparked fears of political instability in the Caucasus nation, with two pro-Western parties tied after a fraught campaign.
The knife-edge elections see the ruling Georgian Dream party, led from behind the scenes by billionaire ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili, grappling with the United National Movement (UNM), founded by exiled former president Mikheil Saakashvili.
Georgian Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili has promised free and fair polls, which "will mark a truly important step to the future of democratic Georgia."
"I encourage voters to attend the elections and vote for the even better, European future of Georgia," he said in a statement.
Tensions have risen ahead of the vote in the ex-Soviet republic - which fought a brief war with Russia in 2008 and seeks EU and Nato membership - after a car bombing and shooting incident at a rally.
Georgia's Western allies will be watching closely to see if the strategic nation - praised as a rare example of democracy in the former Soviet region - can cement gains after its first transfer of power at the ballot box four years ago.
Politics is still dominated by Mr Saakashvili and Mr Ivanishvili even though neither holds an official position, and their parties are hoping to score landslide victories.
But opinion polls have the two neck and neck in the race to form the next government, leaving analysts warning the country of 3.7 million could slip into political turmoil if there is no outright winner.
"As both the incumbents and the UNM are quite unpopular, the most likely outcome is that there will be no outright winner," said political analyst Gia Nodia.
"Georgia will have to create a coalition government, but creating a genuine coalition may prove tough, as there are lots of hard feelings between parties."
Due to the country's complex election rules the final makeup of the 150-seat parliament may only become clear by late November.
Four years after Mr Ivanishvili's party ended nearly a decade of dominance by Mr Saakashvili's UNM, an economic slowdown and constant political confrontations means that the approval ratings of both sides are quite low.
While the two main parties remain firmly committed to Georgia's bid for membership in the European Union and Nato, for the first time in decades the vote may see one of several small pro-Russian parties make it to the parliament.
The two breakaway Georgian regions are currently under what Tbilisi describes as de facto Russian occupation.
"If an anti-Western party secures a bargaining power in forming a coalition, that may have a negative impact on Georgia's bid for membership of the European Union and NATO," Corneli Kakachia, director of the Georgian Institute of Politics, told AFP.
The campaign has been marred by Wednesday's attempted murder of a UNM lawmaker whose car exploded in central Tbilisi, injuring four passers-by.
The bombing prompted UNM to accuse authorities of "creating a climate of hatred in which opposition politicians are being attacked".
It came after two men were injured as unknown assailants on Sunday fired shots during a campaign rally held by an independent candidate in the central city of Gori.
The poisonous atmosphere around the vote follows years of what the opposition sees as political witch hunts and retribution against Mr Saakashvili and his team.
Mr Saakashvili, a charismatic reformer who took over in the Rose Revolution of 2003, was forced out of the country after prosecutors issued an arrest warrant for abuse of power and now works as a regional governor in pro-Western Ukraine.
The crackdown on Mr Saakashvili's allies has prompted concerns among Georgia's western allies that the country could backslide after its sole orderly transfer of power in 2012.
The ex-president has pledged to return after the elections but the authorities warn they will detain him if he steps foot in the country.
Voting, which started at 0800 GMT ends at 1600 GMT, will be monitored by international observers from the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
Exit polls from TV stations loyal to the two rival sides are set to be released when voting ends.