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Russia predicts recession in 2015 on sanctions, oil slump
[MOSCOW] The Russian economy ministry on Tuesday slashed its economic forecast for 2015, announcing a contraction of 0.8 per cent because of Western sanctions over the Ukraine crisis combined with falling oil prices.
The ministry cut its previous outlook of 1.2 per cent growth by two percentage points, referring to worsening economic indicators and a "more conservative" assumption that Western sanctions will remain through 2015.
Plunging oil prices also led to the revision, with a weakening ruble and rising inflation slowing consumer spending, the ministry added in its official statement.
In its outlook on recession, Deputy Economy Minister Alexei Vedev said the economy may completely flatline or slightly shrink in the fourth quarter of 2014, which could push Russia into recession by the end of the first quarter next year.
The technical definition of a recession is two successive quarters of economic contraction. It would be Russia's first recession since 2009.
The ministry previously assumed Western sanctions would be lifted during 2015, with Russia then ending its tit-for-tat food embargo. "The current forecast for 2015 is, on the contrary, based on continuing strong geopolitical risks," the ministry said.
"Uncertainty and lack of economic confidence caused by harsher geopolitics have led to a prediction of higher capital flight and lower investment," the ministry said in the full report briefly posted on its website before it was removed.
Capital flight is expected to reach US$125 billion (S$164 billion) for 2014, the ministry said, up from the previous estimate of US$100 billion.
The World Bank also slashed its growth projection for Russia Tuesday from 0.5 per cent in 2014 and 0.3 per cent 2015 to 0.7 percent and zero percent respectively.
Russia's economy has been hit by falling oil prices which plunged to five-year lows on Monday before recovering. On Tuesday prices were steadier with US benchmark West Texas Intermediate for January delivery at US$67.91, while Brent crude for January was at US$71.71.
Lower oil prices have battered Russia's energy-driven economy and triggered a record drop in the value of the ruble.
The Russian currency experienced its worst slump since 1998 on Monday. After rallying slightly Tuesday morning it lost all its gains and was trading at around 53.9 to the dollar and 66.8 to the euro at 1600 GMT.
The economy ministry has forecast the foreign exchange rate to average 49 rubles to the dollar next year - 30 percent higher than its previous expected rate of 37.7 rubles.
The growth forecast for 2014 was slightly raised from 0.5 per cent to 0.6 per cent due to a better-than-expected performance of the agricultural sector, the ministry said.
Vedev said the ministry expects the Russian economy to reach bottom in mid-2015 and begin a rebound on rising oil prices which could climb back to 85-95 dollars a barrel.
Russia's growth has slowed dramatically in recent years, the rate falling to 1.3 percent in 2013 compared with 3.4 per cent the previous year.
Meanwhile inflation has accelerated over the ruble's falling value, and is set to reach 9.0 per cent by the end of 2014, Vedev said, up from the previous estimate of 7.5 per cent.
Real incomes of Russians will shrink by 2.8 per cent next year instead of increasing by 0.4 per cent as previously predicted, due to inflation and slowing economic activity.
Alfa Bank economists said in a note Tuesday that 12 per cent inflation for the year was "inevitable", predicting spending to fall even further than during the 2008 economic crisis due to the government's inability to compensate the population through increasing pensions and salaries.
Retail giants and foreign companies have already hiked prices or announced expected hikes because of the ruble's slump, with Apple raising Russian prices by about 25 per cent.