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[NEW YORK] Brexit was a dark cloud on the horizon for the Federal Reserve. With the storm passing, a number of officials have said that repercussions from Britain's vote to quit the European Union probably won't derail the US economy, or stop them from raising interest rates.
Comments Thursday from the presidents of the Federal Reserve Banks of Kansas City and Atlanta chimed with other remarks from US central bankers playing down the likely fallout from the UK referendum as they prepare for a policy meeting later this month.
"I have no basis - statistical or anecdotal - for assuming any significant change in economic momentum," since the June 23 UK referendum, Atlanta Fed chief Dennis Lockhart told an audience in Victor, Idaho.
"To summarise my view of Brexit effects: negligible near-term effect; a risk factor over the medium term; higher uncertainty that could amount to a persistent economic headwind."
Fed Chair Janet Yellen has not publicly weighed in on the debate and has no appearances scheduled between now and the July 26-27 meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee, which will not be followed by a press conference.
Nor has there been any signal from other senior Fed officials to counter the perception that they'll stand pat this month to await more information before raising rates again.
Policy makers held the target range for the benchmark federal funds rate unchanged at 0.25 per cent to 0.5 per cent at their meeting in June to wait for more information on the health of the US labour market following a weak reading for May, and to assess Brexit.
Since then, stocks have rallied to record highs as investors bet central banks will step up their efforts to support global growth, while incoming US data has on balance been positive. In addition to a big rebound in payrolls last month, there's also been stronger readings from purchasing managers surveys for both manufacturing and services.
Investors see only a 6 per cent probability of a rate hike this month, according to pricing in fed funds futures contracts, though the chances of a move in September have rebounded to 21 per cent - compared with just 2 per cent at the start of the month - with December viewed as a 37 per cent bet.
Kansas City Fed chief Esther George, an FOMC voter this year who has dissented twice in favor of higher rates, told an audience in Oklahoma City that she expected the impact of Brexit would be "mild" and repeated her view that moderate US growth and progress toward the central bank's twin goals of maximum employment and price stability warranted a hike.
"It is important to move gradually as we go through this normalisation process," she said.
"But I continue to think that the current level of interest rates today is too low relative to the performance of the economy."
Cleveland's Loretta Mester, while noting that financial markets had handled the vote "in an orderly manner," said Wednesday in Sydney it could yet hurt the US economy if it resulted in a persistent appreciation of the US dollar, which could hinder exports.
Officials predicted two rate increases this year when they submitted quarterly forecasts in June, according to their median forecast, though six of the seventeen policy makers projected that only one move would be warranted.
Mr Lockhart said that "at least one policy move could take place, and possibly two" this year, echoing Philadelphia Fed President Patrick Harker, who said Wednesday that two hikes may be appropriate.
"Brexit is low on my list of risks, and I do not anticipate more than a transitory couple of 10ths of a percentage point slowdown in growth," Mr Harker said.