[WASHINGTON] US consumer spending recorded its largest increase in nearly six years in May on strong demand for automobiles and other big-ticket items, further evidence that economic growth was gathering momentum in the second quarter.
The Commerce Department said on Thursday consumer spending increased 0.9 per cent last month, the biggest gain since August 2009, after an upwardly revised 0.1 per cent rise in April.
The sturdy increases suggested households were finally spending some of the windfall from lower gasoline prices, and capped a month of solid economic reports.
Consumer spending, which accounts for more than two-thirds of US economic activity, was previously reported to have been unchanged in April. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast a 0.7 per cent rise in May.
It was the latest sign that growth was accelerating after gross domestic product shrank at a 0.2 per cent annual rate in the first quarter as the economy battled bad weather, port disruptions, a strong dollar and spending cuts in the energy sector.
From employment to the housing market, the economic data in May has been bullish. Even manufacturing, which is struggling with the lingering effects of dollar strength and lower energy prices, also is starting to stabilize.
The firming economy suggests the Federal Reserve could raise interest rates this year even as inflation remains well below the US central bank's 2 per cent target.
Spending on long-lasting goods such as automobiles jumped 2.2 per cent last month, while outlays on services like utilities rose 0.3 per cent.
When adjusted for inflation, consumer spending increased 0.6 per cent, the largest jump since last August, after being unchanged in April.
Personal income increased 0.5 per cent last month after a similar gain in April. Income is being boosted by a tightening labour market, which is starting to push up wage growth.
With households stepping up spending, the saving rate fell to 5.1 per cent from 5.4 per cent in April. Still, savings remain at lofty levels.
Inflation pressures remained tame last month despite the acceleration in consumer spending. A price index for consumer spending increased 0.3 per cent after being flat in April. In the 12 months through May, the personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index rose only 0.2 per cent.
Excluding food and energy, prices edged up 0.1 per cent after a similar gain in April. The so-called core PCE price index rose 1.2 per cent in the 12 months through May, the smallest gain since February 2014.