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US trade deficit largest since 2008 as imports surge
[WASHINGTON] The US trade deficit surged to its highest level in nearly 6-1/2 years in March as imports rebounded strongly after being held down by a labour dispute at key West Coast ports, suggesting growth contracted in the first quarter.
The Commerce Department said on Tuesday the deficit on the trade balance jumped 43.1 per cent to US$51.4 billion, the largest since October 2008. It was the biggest percent rise since December 1996.
February's shortfall was revised to US$35.9 billion from a previously reported US$35.4 billion. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast the trade deficit rising to US$41.2 billion.
When adjusted for inflation, the deficit widened to US$67.2 billion in March, the largest in eight years, from US$51.2 billion the prior month.
March's trade gap was far larger than the US$45.2 billion deficit the government assumed in its snapshot of first-quarter gross domestic product published last week.
In that report, the government estimated trade sliced off 1.25 percentage points from GDP, helping to pull down growth to a 0.2 per cent annual pace. The economy expanded at a 2.2 per cent rate in the fourth quarter.
With March's trade deficit coming in bigger than assumed, growth is likely to be revised down to show a contraction when the government publishes its second GDP estimate later this month.
The now-settled labour dispute at the West Coast ports significantly slowed imports and exports at the start of the year. The dollar, which has gained about 12 per cent against the currencies of the United States' main trading partners since last June, has also weighed on trade.
In March, imports jumped 7.7 per cent, the largest increase on record, to US$239.2 billion. Some of the imports likely ended up in inventories, which in the first quarter recorded their biggest increase since the third quarter of 2010.
Imports of food and capital and consumer goods were the highest on record, while imports of industrial supplies and materials were the lowest on record.
Imports of petroleum products hit a record low, highlighting lower crude oil prices and increased energy production in the United States, which has reduced the country's dependence on foreign oil.
Exports increased 0.9 per cent to $187.8 billion in March. Petroleum exports were the lowest since February 2011. Exports to the European Union rose 8.6 per cent, with those to Germany reaching their highest level since October 2008.
The United States sold the fewest amount of goods and services to Brazil since April 2010. Exports to Canada and Mexico - the main US trading partners - rose in March.
Exports to China increased 13.6 per cent, while imports from that country jumped 31.6 per cent. That left the politically sensitive US-China trade deficit at US$31.2 billion, up 38.6 per cent from February.