[WASHINGTON] Home prices in 20 US cities rose at a faster pace in the year ended November, underscoring the shortage of supply amid steady demand.
The S&P/Case-Shiller index of property values in 20 cities increased 5.8 per cent from a year earlier, the biggest advance since July 2014, a report from the group showed Tuesday in New York. The median projection of 31 economists surveyed by Bloomberg called for a 5.7 per cent gain. Nationally, prices rose 5.3 per cent year-over-year.
Low inventories are boosting property values, helping support household wealth for homeowners and offsetting some of the damage from the drop in stock prices. While mortgage rates are expected to stay low, faster wage growth is needed to bring homes within reach of more Americans, underpinning the industry's recovery this year.
"Given how limited the inventory is and given how demand is rising, we can expect price appreciation to continue," Sam Bullard, a senior economist at Wells Fargo Securities LLC in Charlotte, North Carolina, said before the report. "In many of the more desirable areas, the seller has the upper hand." Economists' estimates in the Bloomberg survey ranged from gains of 4.9 per cent to 6 per cent. The October reading showed a year-over-year advance of 5.5 per cent.
The S&P/Case-Shiller index is based on a three-month average, which means the November figure was also influenced by transactions in October and September.
All 20 cities in the index showed a year-over-year gain, led by an 11.1 per cent increase in Portland, Oregon. Chicago had the smallest increase at 2 per cent. Gains in November accelerated in 14 cities from the prior month, with indexes for Dallas, Denver and Portland. Oregon, reaching record highs.
The year-over-year gauge provides better indications of trends in prices, the group has said. The panel includes Karl Case and Robert Shiller, the economists who created the index.
"Home prices extended their gains, supported by continued low mortgage rates, tight supplies and an improving labor market," David Blitzer, chairman of the S&P index committee, said in a statement. "The consumer portion of the economy is doing well." Monthly Advance On a monthly basis, home prices in the 20-city index adjusted for seasonal variations climbed 0.9 per cent. The Bloomberg survey median called for a 0.8 per cent increase.
The month-over-month gain was led by Charlotte, North Carolina, followed by Detroit.
Unadjusted prices in the 20-city gauge rose 0.1 per cent from the previous month.
By lowering household wealth, the slump in stock prices will subtract about 0.3 to 0.4 per centage point from consumer spending this year, according to a research note e-mailed today by economists at Goldman Sachs Group Inc. in New York. They projected increasing home prices will make up for some of the decline, limiting the overall reduction in consumption to 0.2 per cent.
Recent reports on residential real estate have been mixed, indicating the industry was cooling toward the end of 2015.
Purchases of previously owned properties rose more than projected in December to wrap up the best year since 2006, according to the National Association of Realtors. Prices climbed as the supply of houses on the market was the smallest of any December since 1999.
Meanwhile, homebuilders unexpectedly pulled back on new construction, which led to a drop in housing starts last month. At the same time, 2015 was still the strongest year for starts since 2007.