[TOKYO] Japan's US$1.1 trillion retirement fund posted its best annual return on record, buoyed by gains in stocks and a weaker yen.
The Government Pension Investment Fund delivered a 12 per cent return in the year ended March 31, the most since its 2001 inception, it said in a statement. Assets under management swelled to 137.5 trillion yen, also a record, as domestic stocks gained 30 per cent. The yen's 14 per cent decline against the greenback helped overseas equities provide a 22 per cent return, while local bonds made 2.8 per cent.
GPIF's asset mix is closing in on the targets outlined in a radical overhaul in October, when the fund vowed to cut its Japanese bond allocation to 35 per cent and more than doubled its goals for equities. Its performance underscores the argument for increasing risk assets as it seeks to meet the pension needs of the world's oldest population.
"It looks like they won't have to buy actively from now on," said Kenji Shiomura, a Tokyo-based senior strategist at Daiwa Securities Group Inc. "They will probably just add to holdings when the market falls. The good performance is to be expected given the market was doing well."
GPIF had 39 per cent of its investments in domestic debt at the end of March, a new low, and a combined 43 per cent in global equities, according to its statement.
The fund targets 25 per cent each for Japanese and overseas stocks and 15 per cent for foreign debt. Its current holdings in each category were within deviation limits, suggesting its asset managers now face minimal pressure to aggressively shift investments.
GPIF's growing pile of equities is benefiting from Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's efforts to revive Japan's economy through monetary stimulus and structural reform. A weaker currency has helped propel company earnings, while also boosting the value of the fund's foreign investments.
The Topix gained 28 per cent in the fiscal year through March 31, while an index of Japanese government bonds rose 3 per cent. GPIF's return from local stocks was the most since a 50 per cent gain in the year ended March 2006.
"We were able to get some good investment results," Takahiro Mitani, GPIF's 66-year-old president, wrote in the fund's annual report. "Our new portfolio is more diversified." Foreign equities and bonds delivered smaller annual gains than the previous year, while the return on Japanese debt increased from 0.6 per cent.
On a quarterly basis, the fund returned 2.1 per cent in the period through March, compared with 5.2 per cent in the previous three months.
Linkers, Infrastructure GPIF started investing in inflation-linked bonds last year, and owned 867 billion yen of such debt at the end of March, it said. The fund's infrastructure investments posted a loss of 700 million yen due to fluctuations in the exchange rate, GPIF said.
Since March 31, global equities have slipped amid concern about Greece's debt crisis and the risk of China's stock slump curbing economic growth.
"We take a long-term view," Shinichirou Mori, director of the planning department at GPIF, said at a briefing in Tokyo. "If there are real structural problems, we'll consider reviewing the portfolio. But our strategy is based on the risk of domestic yields rising, and so far that situation hasn't changed."