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A bearish warning sign flashing for US$

Madrid

HEDGE funds and money managers have become the most bearish in a year on the dollar's near-term outlook, according to one of the foreign-exchange market's most watched gauges of sentiment.

In options markets, protection against a falling greenback is getting more expensive. Risk reversals, an indicator of market bias and option positioning, show investors have begun paying more for puts on the dollar than for calls versus the euro, and its other major peers.

Not since April 2018 have benchmark puts cost more than calls. While the turnabout stems in part from the Federal Reserve's recent dovishness, Banque Lombard Odier & Co's Vasileios Gkionakis said the shift reflects fresh optimism on the world's economy and foreign commerce that are raising the attractiveness of other currencies.

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"We've seen global growth and trade data stabilising," Mr Gkionakis, the bank's global head of FX strategy in Geneva, said in an interview. "That's why speculators are trying to test the water with some very marginal dollar bearishness. It's quite interesting that options have begun trading this way."

Even as the International Monetary Fund downgraded its outlook for world growth in 2019 this week to the lowest since the financial crisis a decade ago, hedge funds and strategists are pointing to "green shoots" in the global growth story, and to burgeoning optimism over Chinese government stimulus for the second-biggest economy. The benchmark Shanghai Composite Index of equities is up about 30 per cent this year.

Dovish comments from the Fed and President Donald Trump's public scolding of the central bank, blaming it for US stock markets not being higher, underlie the dollar's perceived weakness, said Dáire Ferguson, chief executive officer of Irish online currency platform AvaTrade Ltd.

"Top that off with a lower core CPI and it's all resulted in flipping the positivity of recent months," he said.

The bearish signal in the currency-options market, derived from the implied volatilities of the world's major currency pairs, has probably gone too far, according to Damian Sassower, chief strategist for emerging-market fixed income strategy at Bloomberg Intelligence.

"This is a sign of complacency," Mr Sassower said. "When you see the demand go down so much for protection against a dollar rally, it just seems like a classic, tell-tale sign that the world is getting too complacent on dollar strength." BLOOMBERG