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Australia, New Zealand dollars stage comeback on US dollar, still lose to yen


[SYDNEY] The Australian and New Zealand dollars celebrated a remarkable comeback on their US counterpart on Friday, as dismal economic data stoked speculation of a U-turn on US interest rates.

It got an added fillip when China's commerce ministry said Beijing and Washington would hold trade talks at the vice ministerial level on Jan 7-8, once again stirring hopes of a thaw in the tariff war.

The Aussie was back at US$0.7016, after a wild 24 hours saw it collapse almost three full cents to US$0.6715 only to fetch up higher than when it started.

The kiwi dollar had returned to US$0.6694, having been as low as US$0.6591 at one stage on Thursday when a "flash crash" had sent it and the Aussie careening lower.

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Both still nursed losses on the yen which had surged on Thursday when a host of long-held short positions were squeezed out amid a mad dash to safe havens.

The Aussie was last at 75.37 yen, up from a deep trough around 72.26 but still down 3 per cent for the week.

The rebound on the US dollar came as data there showed a shock slowdown in manufacturing activity amid a pullback in new orders and concerns about tariffs.

Investors reacted by pricing in a real possibility the Federal Reserve might have to reverse course and cut rates, even though it was still projecting two more hikes this year.

"Markets now think the next move in rates is down with a rate cut 50 percent priced by December and fully priced by April 2020," said Tapas Strickland, a market strategist at NAB.

"Whether this pessimism continues for the rest of 2019 will largely depend on whether there is a near-term resolution to the (Sino-US) trade war."

Treasury yields also fell sharply, undermining the U.S. dollar rate advantage.

The Australian two-year yield is now only 56 basis points short of its US counterpart, having been as much as 90 basis points lower just a couple of months ago.

That narrowing came even as Australian yields plunged to their lowest since late 2017 at 1.80 per cent, a huge swing from September's top of 2.16 per cent.

Yields on 10-year debt dropped 10 basis points to 2.18 per cent, depths not visited since October 2016.

Ten-year bond futures held gains of almost 19 ticks for the week at 97.8200, which would be its best weekly performance since late 2017.

Taking their cue from the United States, local investors added to wagers the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) might also be forced to cut rates this year.

Futures imply around a 50-50 chance there will be a quarter-point cut in the 1.5 per cent cash rate by December. The RBA has long said the next move will likely be higher, but equally has shown no inclination to hike anytime soon.

Markets in New Zealand have likewise narrowed the odds on a rate cut there, with bank bill futures surging to contract highs.

Yields on two-year debt have dived to 1.68 per cent, putting them below the 1.75 per cent cash rate.