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China fixes yuan rate more than 1% lower vs US dollar
[SHANGHAI] China set the reference rate for its currency more than one per cent lower against the US dollar on Thursday, the operator of the national foreign exchange market said, its third consecutive reduction.
The central bank put the yuan’s central parity rate at 6.4010 yuan for US$1, the China Foreign Exchange Trade System said, a drop of 1.11 per cent from the previous day’s 6.3306.
It was also lower than Wednesday’s close, and comes after China adopted a more market-oriented method of calculating the currency rate in a move widely seen as a devaluation. The cuts have put financial markets on edge, sparking worries of a “currency war” as other countries feel pressure to devalue and raising questions about the health of the world’s second-largest economy, where growth is already slowing.
China keeps a tight grip on the yuan, allowing it to fluctuate up or down just two percent on either side of the reference rate, which it sets daily. The People’s Bank of China (PBoC) on Tuesday announced a “one-time correction” of nearly two percent in the yuan’s value against the greenback as it changed the mechanism. It has since lowered the central rate twice more, and the week’s combined drop is the biggest since China set up its modern foreign exchange system in 1994, when it devalued the yuan by 33 per cent at a stroke.
Analysts viewed the move as a way for China to both boost exports by making its goods cheaper abroad and push economic reforms as it seeks to become one of the reserve currencies in the International Monetary Fund’s SDR (special drawing rights) group.
But the volatility in the normally unusually stable unit has raised concerns, and Bloomberg News reported on Wednesday the central bank had intervened in the market to prop it up. PBoC economist Ma Jun on Wednesday said China could stabilise the yuan through direct market intervention.
“The central bank, if necessary, is fully capable of stabilising the exchange rate through direct intervention in the foreign exchange market to avoid (the) herd mentality resulting in irrational movements of the rate,” Mr Ma was quoted as saying by the official Xinhua news agency.